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Undervisning i sex och samlevnad på högstadiet: Har lärarens arbetserfarenhet någon betydelse?
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sex education in high school : importance of teacher working experience (English)
Abstract [sv]

Idag ska ungdomarna i högstadieskolan både hitta sig själva som individer och en sexualitet de känner sig trygga med, i ett samhälle där många och ofta motsägelsefulla bilder om sexualitet flödar. I dagens skola finns begrepp som kan kopplas till sex och samlevnad inskrivna i flera ämnes- och kursplaner och dessa ska finnas med under hela grundskolan. Flera studier visar att många elever upplever att sex och samlevnadsundervisningen är dålig, trots att skolan har en viktig roll som informatör. Syftet med min studie var att se om det finns några skillnader mellan lärare som arbetat olika länge som lärare med avseende på hur de upplever sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen. Frågeställningarna i studien var hur sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen planeras och genomförs, när den sker och hur styrdokumenten tolkas som är kopplade till skolans sex- och samlevnadsundervisning? Fyra kvinnliga pedagoger som är utbildade och undervisar i biologi har intervjuats. Två av dem har arbetat i mindre än tre år och två har arbetat i mer än fem år. Resultatet visar att det inte finns någon erfarenhetsbaserad skillnad på hur pedagogerna planerar undervisningen, innehållet i undervisningen eller när det kommer till tolkningar av läroplanen. När det gäller läroplanen finns istället en individbaserad skillnad där den pedagog som arbetat längst, har störst insikt i vad som står i läroplanen. Den största skillnaden mellan grupperna i studien visas när det kommer till pedagogernas egen utbildning i sex och samlevnad samt pedagogernas upplevelser av att utvecklaa. De pedagoger som arbetat kortast tid upplever att de fått väldigt lite utbildning inom området tillskillnad från de mer erfarna pedagogerna som upplever att de fått mer utbildning inom området. Samtidigt vill de mer erfarna pedagogerna utveckla sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen genom bättre materiel medan de mindre erfarna vill utveckla den genom att området bör synas mer under lärarutbildningen.

Abstract [en]

Today´s young people in upper elementary school today are supposed to both find themselves as individuals and find a sexuality they feel safe with, in a society where there are many and often contradictory images of sexuality. In today's school there are concepts linked to sex and relationships which are found in the curricula of several subjects and which should be discussed throughout elementary school. Several studies show that many students feel that sex education is poor, despite the fact that the school has an important role in communicating knowledge. The purpose of my study was to see if there are any differences between teachers with different levels of working experience with respect to how they experience teaching sex education. . The research questions in my study were how teaching of sex education is planned and implemented, when this teaching occurs and how the school´s policy documents related to sex education are interpreted? Four female teachers who are certified teachers and who teach biology, were interviewed. Two of them had worked less than three years as teachers and two had been working more than five years. The results show that there was no difference in how teachers plan teaching, teaching content and when it comes to interpretations of the curriculum related to the teachers´ working experience. In terms of curriculum, however, one individual-based distinction was detected, i.e. the teacher with the longest working experience as a teacher had the greatest knowledge of what is in the curriculum. The main difference between the two groups with different amounts of work experience had to do with the teachers 'own education in sex education and they felt about their own experiences in developing teaching. The educators who worked the shortest time felt that they had very little education in the field as opposed to the more experienced teachers who felt that they had more education in the area. At the same time, the more experienced teachers wanted to develop sex education through the use of better teachers’ materials while the less experienced teachers thought they needed a better education at the university.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 17 p.
Keyword [en]
Teachers, School, Sex education, Working experience
Keyword [sv]
Samlevnad, Sex, Skola, Pedagoger, yrkeslivserfarenhet
National Category
Other Biological Topics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35733OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-35733DiVA: diva2:799667
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Examiners
Available from: 2015-04-17 Created: 2015-03-31 Last updated: 2015-04-17Bibliographically approved

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Sex och samlevnad(469 kB)194 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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