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Development of methods for determining aflatoxins in biological material
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. National Institute of Occupational Health, Analytical Chemistry Division, Umeå, Sweden.
1995 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis, it is shown how aflatoxins can be determined in biological material. The thesis is a summary of five papers.

Aflatoxins are carcinogenic mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus moulds. Methods were developed for the determination of aflatoxins in samples of airborne dust and human urine collected at feed factories. For the dust samples from such agricultural products as copra, cotton seed and maize, methods were developed for the determination of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2. For urine samples, methods were developed for analysing the four aflatoxins above that naturally occur in dust, and the metabolites aflatoxins M1 and Q1.

Sample preparation of dust samples included solvent extraction, filtration and immunoaffinity column extraction. Urine samples were cleaned up using immunoaffinity column extraction or solid-phase extraction using ethyl bonded-phase columns. All extractions with these columns were automated by means of a laboratory robot.

Reversed-phase liquid chromatography was used to separate the aflatoxins in the cleaned-up extracts. Detection was performed by fluorescence after post-column derivatization by addition of bromine. Parameters for the derivatization were studied using factorial designs. To confirm the identity of aflatoxins in naturally contaminated airborne dust samples and spiked urine, liquid chromatography was combined with electrospray mass spectrometry.

The detection limits of the aflatoxins in dust samples were in the range 1.8-3.1 ng/g in 10-mg dust samples using fluorescence detection. Aflatoxins were determined in spiked urine down to the 6.8-18 pg/ml level. In naturally contaminated dust of copra and cotton seed, aflatoxins were detected with a content of 9-50 pg/mg of aflatoxin Bi. No aflatoxins could be detected in any urine sample obtained from feed factory workers that were less than 6.8 pg/ml of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 and less than 18 pg/ml of aflatoxins M1 and Q1.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1995. , 51 p.
Keyword [en]
Aflatoxins, Mycotoxins, Carcinogen, Airborne dust, Urine, Feed factories, Immunoaffinity extraction, Solid-phase extraction, Post-column derivatization, Electrospray, Mass spectrometry
National Category
Analytical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101303ISBN: 91-7191-071-9 (print)OAI: diva2:799266
Public defence
1995-09-29, Kemiska institutionen, Hörsal C, Naturvetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00

Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Univ., härtill 5 uppsatser

Available from: 2015-03-30 Created: 2015-03-26 Last updated: 2015-04-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

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