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A 24-well plate assay for simultaneous testing of first and second line drugs against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a high endemic setting
Armauer Hansen Research InstituteAddis Ababa, Ethiopia; Department of Biology, Jimma UniversityJimma, Ethiopia.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Kalmar County HospitalKalmar, Sweden.
Armauer Hansen Research InstituteAddis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Armauer Hansen Research InstituteAddis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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2014 (English)In: BMC Research Notes, ISSN 1756-0500, Vol. 7, no 1, 512- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Early detection of drug resistance is one of the priorities of tuberculosis (TB) control programs as drug resistance is increasing. New molecular assays are only accessible for a minority of the second line drugs and their availability in high endemic settings is also hampered by high cost and logistic challenges. Therefore, we evaluated a previously developed method for drug susceptibility testing (DST) including both first- and second line anti-TB drugs for use in high endemic areas. Results: Baseline mycobacterial isolates from 78 consecutive pulmonary TB patients from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia who were culture positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis at the end of a two-month directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) were included. The isolates were simultaneously tested for isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, streptomycin, amikacin, kanamycin, capreomycin, ofloxacin, moxifloxacin, ethionamide and para-aminosalicylic acid susceptibility using the indirect proportion method adopted for 24-well agar plates containing Middlebrook 7H10 medium. Applying the 24-well plate assay, 43 (55.1%) isolates were resistant to one or more of the first line drugs tested (isoniazid, rifampicin and ethambutol). MDR-TB was identified in 20.5% of this selected group and there was a perfect correlation for rifampicin resistance with the results from the genotype MTBDRplus assay. All isolates were susceptible to aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones in agreement with the genotype MTBDRsl assay. The only tested second line drug associated to resistance was ethionamide (14.1% resistant). The method was reproducible with stable results for internal controls (one multi-drug resistant (MDR) and one pan-susceptible strain (H37Rv) and DST results could be reported at two weeks. Conclusions: The 24-well plate method for simultaneous DST for first- and second line drugs was found to be reproducible and correlated well to molecular drug susceptibility tests. It is likely to be useful in high-endemic areas for surveillance as well as for the detection of second line drug resistance in targeted groups such as in those who fail empirical MDR treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central / Springer Verlag (Germany) , 2014. Vol. 7, no 1, 512- p.
Keyword [en]
Epidemiological cut off value (ECOFF); Ethiopia; Multi drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis; Susceptibility testing
National Category
Basic Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116375DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-7-512PubMedID: 25108648ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84906573226OAI: diva2:798614
Available from: 2015-03-27 Created: 2015-03-26 Last updated: 2015-04-01

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