Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
The aim of the thesis is to investigate what the results are when applying DNV ice class design rules on a vessel that falls outside the validity range and how it does compare to direct calculations. The vessel to be investigated is a smaller ice going commuter ferry intended for freshwater Lake Mälaren in Stockholm.
Due to increased need of public transport in the area, political decisions have been made to incorporate ferry lines in the public transport system. The number of commuters’ peak during January and February and it is thus necessary to design a ferry that works all year around, in all possible weather conditions, including the ice conditions that occur winter time (Rindeskär, 2014).
In order to make a comparative study of the DNV ice class and direct calculations with regards to resistances and structural loads on the hull, a general arrangement of the ferry is developed. Icebreaking resistance models based on DNV ice class (Det Norske Veritas, 2014), Riska (Riska, Willhelmson, Englund, & Leiviskä, 1997) and Lindqvist (Lindqvist, 1989) can be compared based on the ferry’s main data. The bow section of the hull is designed to handle the DNV design pressure according to DNV ice class 1C. The structural response is investigated using a finite element model, applying different load cases given from DNV as well as from the studied semi empirical ice load models mentioned above.
The bow design is of great importance for the icebreaking performance and the speed. The greater the stem angles the higher the resistance. A large variation in the results was also noted as only Lindqvist’s model took the freshwater ice properties into account. Further measurements have to be made in freshwater for smaller vessels to validate the results.
In the FE-analysis it was seen that the hull structure coped well with the DNV design pressure of 1 MPa. However, the empirical design pressure of 1.5 MPa resulted in too high stresses in the structure. The result indicates that the design rules work well for the intended design pressure, but the minimum empirical design pressure is still higher than the DNV design pressure for the commuter vessel. It can be that the DNV design rules can be used in the case of the ferry, but further investigations has to be made with regards to minimum design pressure.
In general, the results can be used as a basis for further investigations in the field of vessels operating in freshwater ice conditions.
2014. , 95 p.