Synthesis and Characterization of Amorphous Carbide-based Thin Films
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis, research on synthesis, structure and characterization of amorphous carbide-based thin films is presented. Crystalline and nanocomposite carbide films can exhibit properties such as high electrical conductivity, high hardness and low friction and wear. These properties are in many cases structure-related, and thus, within this thesis a special focus is put on how the amorphous structure influences the material properties.
Thin films within the Zr-Si-C and Cr-C-based systems have been synthesized by magnetron sputtering from elemental targets. For the Zr-Si-C system, completely amorphous films were obtained for silicon contents of 20 at.% or higher. Modeling of these films, as well as experimental results suggest that the films exhibit a network-type structure where the bond types influence the material properties. Higher hardness and resistivity were observed with high amounts of covalent Si-C bonds.
Several studies were performed in the Cr-C-based systems. Cr-C films deposited in a wide composition range and with substrate temperatures of up to 500 °C were found to be amorphous nanocomposites, consisting of amorphous chromium carbide (a-CrCx) and amorphous carbon (a-C) phases. The carbon content in the carbidic phase was determined to about 30-35 at.% for most films. The properties of the Cr-C films were very dependent of the amount of a-C phase, and both hardness and electrical resistivity decreased with increasing a-C contents. However, electrochemical analysis showed that Cr-C films deposited at higher substrate temperature and with high carbon content exhibited very high oxidation resistance. In addition, nanocomposite films containing Ag nanoparticles within an amorphous Cr-C matrix were studied in an attempt to improve the tribological properties. No such improvements were observed but the films exhibited a better contact resistance than the corresponding binary Cr-C films. Furthermore, electrochemical analyses showed that Ag nanoparticles on the surface affected the formation of a stable passive film, which would make the Cr-C/Ag films less resilient to oxidation than the pure Cr-C films.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. , 63 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1239
Amorphous, coating, thin film, nanocomposite, sputter deposition, PVD, XPS, SEM, TEM, electrical properties, mechanical properties
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-247282ISBN: 978-91-554-9198-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-247282DiVA: diva2:795631
2015-05-08, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Mayrhofer, Paul, Professor
Jansson, Ulf, ProfessorLewin, Erik
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