Reproduction and mode of delivery in women with vaginismus or localised provoked vestibulodynia: a Swedish register-based study
2015 (English)In: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ISSN 1470-0328, E-ISSN 1471-0528, Vol. 122, no 3, 329-334 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective To compare sociodemographics, parity and mode of delivery between women diagnosed with vaginismus or localised provoked vestibulodynia (LPV) to women without a diagnosis before first pregnancy. Design Retrospective, population-based register study. Setting Sweden. Sample All women born in Sweden 1973-83 who gave birth for the first time or remained nulliparous during the years 2001-09. Methods Nationally linked registries were used to identify the study population. Women diagnosed with vaginismus or LPV were compared to all other women. Odds ratios for parity and mode of delivery were calculated using multinominal regression analysis and logistic regression. Main outcome measures Parity and mode of delivery. Results Women with vaginismus/LPV were more likely to be unmarried (P = 0.001), unemployed (P = 0.012), have a higher educational level (P less than 0.001), a lower body mass index (P less than 0.001) and use nicotine during pregnancy (P = 0.008). They were less likely to give birth (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.61, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.56-0.67). Women with vaginismus/LPV more often delivered by caesarean section (P less than 0.001) especially for maternal request (adjusted OR 3.48, 95% CI 2.45-4.39). In women having vaginal delivery, those with vaginismus/LPV were more likely to suffer a perineal laceration (adjusted OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.56-2.25). Conclusions Women with vaginismus/LPV are less likely to give birth and those that do are more likely to deliver by caesarean section and have a caesarean section based upon maternal request. Those women delivering vaginally are more likely to suffer perineal laceration. These findings point to the importance of not only addressing sexual function in women with vaginismus/LPV but reproductive function as well.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley: 12 months , 2015. Vol. 122, no 3, 329-334 p.
Caesarean section; localised provoked vestibulodynia; reproduction; vaginismus
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115325DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.12946ISI: 000348866600011PubMedID: 24990073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-115325DiVA: diva2:795077
Funding Agencies|Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden2015-03-132015-03-132016-03-24