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Mild impact wear in a concrete mixer: An evaluation of wet abrasive wear
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The concrete mixer industry is affected by abrasive wear under both dry and wet conditions. An upgrade of the material inside the drums to high abrasion resistant steel grades can improve the lifetime and offer the possibility to reduce the weight of the drum. A new wear testing apparatus was designed to simulate the wear conditions in a concrete mixer truck with the aim to investigate the relative wear resistance for a number of steel grades. Three tests were performed under wet conditions using 16-25 mm crushed granite. The tests focused on the wear resistance under sliding and impact wear for 30 different steel grades. All of the steel grades were analyzed regarding hardness profile, microstructure and chemical composition prior to testing. Wear losses were investigated by weighing before, during and after testing. Hardness profile and SEM investigations were performed at Swerea Kimab on worn surface and cross-section after testing. Relationship between hardness and wear resistance was found over a certain hardness level. Higher hardness show better wear resistance for this type of application. The shape and degradation of abrasives were found to affect the wear rate.

Abstract [sv]

Betongblandare är en applikation som är utsatt för ett abrasivt slitage under både torra och våta miljöer. Genom att uppgradera materialet inuti trumman till ett slitstarkt stål kan livslängden förlängas och vikten på trumman reduceras. En ny testutrustning utformades för att simulera slitaget och miljöerna inuti en betongbil. Slitstyrkan undersöktes genom att mäta det relativa slitaget för totalt 30 stycken stålsorter. Tre stycken slitagetester genomfördes med en blandning av krossad granit, av storleken 16-25 mm, och vatten. Testerna fokuserade på att simulera både ett glidande slitage och ett lätt stötslitage. Innan testet påbörjades analyserades samtliga stålsorter med avseende på hårdhetsprofilen, mikrostrukturen och kemisk sammansättning. Materialförlusten undersöktes genom vägning före testet, under testet och efter testet. Efter testet analyserades provernas slityta i SEM och hårdheten i tvärsnittet på Swerea Kimab. Ett samband mellan hårdhet och slitstyrka kunde ses över en viss hårdhetsnivå. Testerna visade att en högre hårdhet ger en bättre slitstyrka samt att formen och nötningen av de abrasiva materialet påverkade nötningshastigheten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 68 p.
Keyword [en]
Wear, wet abrasive wear, mild impact wear, steel
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161557OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-161557DiVA: diva2:794774
External cooperation
SSAB Oxelösund
Subject / course
Mechanical Metallurgy
Educational program
Master of Science - Materials Science and Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-03-12 Created: 2015-03-12 Last updated: 2015-03-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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