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Hur anställdas hälsa påverkas av krav, kontroll och stöd i arbetslivet
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How employees health is affected by demands, control and support in the workplace (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna kvantitativa studie behandlar anställdas hälsa i förhållandetill krav-kontroll-stöd modellen. Studiens syfte är dels attundersöka hur krav, kontroll och stöd korrelerar med hälsa iarbetslivet. Vidare undersöks i vilken typ av arbetsbelastningsläge;aktiv, passiv, spänd eller avspänd, som den anställde skattar sinhälsa högst. Resultatet beräknades med hjälp avstatistikprogrammet SPSS och bygger på en enkätundersökning(N=137) som genomförts på arbetsplatser i tre svenska städer.Korrelationsanalyser, T-test och ANOVOR tillämpades. Resultatetvisade att höga krav korrelerade negativt med hälsa. Hög grad avkontroll samt hög grad av stöd korrelerade positivt med hälsa. Stödfrån chef samt arbetskamrater visade sig vara den viktigaste typenav socialt stöd för en hög nivå av hälsa.

Abstract [en]

This quantitative study discuss employees health in relation to thedemand-control-support model in the workplace. The studyexamines how demands, control and support correlates with healthat work. Additionally the study investigates which type of socialsupport that is most important to occupational health. Moreover thestudy examines in which work situation the employee experiencehighest health; active, passive, high strain or low strain. The resultwas calculated using the statistical program SPSS and is based on asurvey (n = 137) by a convenience sample of workplaces in threeSwedish cities. Correlations and analyzes of variances wereapplied. The results showed that high levels of demands correlatesnegatively with health. High levels of control and support werecorrelated positively with health. Support from manager andcolleagues were shown to be the main form of social support for ahigh level of health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
demand, control, support, stress, health
Keyword [sv]
krav, kontroll, stöd, stress, hälsa
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-43551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-43551DiVA: diva2:794667
Subject / course
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-03-12 Created: 2015-03-12 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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