Comparative CFD study of the effect of the presence of downstream turbines on upstream ones using a rotational speed control system
2014 (English)In: Science of Making Torque from Wind 2012, 2014, Vol. 555Conference paper (Refereed)
The effect of a downstream turbine on the production of a turbine located upstream of the latter is studied in this work. This is done through the use of two CFD simulation codes, namely OpenFOAM and EllipSys3D, which solve the Navier-Stokes equations in their incompressible form using a finite volume approach. In both EllipSys3D and Open Foam, the LES (Large Eddy Simulation) technique is used for modelling turbulence. The wind turbine rotors are modelled as actuator disks whose loading is determined through the use of tabulated airfoil data by applying the blade-element method. A generator torque controller is used in both simulation methods to ensure that the simulated turbines adapt, in terms of rotational velocity, to the inflow conditions they are submited to. Results from both simulation codes, although they differ slightly, show that the downstream turbine affects the upstream one when the spacing between the turbines is small. This is also suggested to be the case looking at measurements performed at the Lillgrund offshore wind farm, whose turbines are located unusually close to each other. However, for distances used in today's typical wind farms, this effect is shown by our calculations not to be significant.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 555
, Journal of Physics Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588 ; 555
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246872DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/555/1/012014ISI: 000347871200014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-246872DiVA: diva2:794378
4th Scientific Conference on Science of Making Torque from Wind, OCT 09-11, 2012, Oldenburg, GERMANY