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Associationer mellan kognitiv nivå, beteendeproblem och att vara för tidigt född
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Barn födda för tidigt (gestationsålder, GA < 37) löper ökad risk för kognitiva nedsättningar, emotionella problem och beteendeproblem. För att undersöka möjliga skillnader och samband beträffande kognitiv nivå och beteendeproblem jämfördes testresultat från Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) och Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) mellan för tidigt födda barn (PT) (n= 51, GA 22-34) och barn födda efter fullgången graviditet (FT) (n=57, GA 40 +/-2), i åldern 7-8 år. Alla barn var normalfungerande utan känd utvecklingsavvikelse och/eller hjärnskada. Resultaten visar att barn födda i GA 22-34 presterade signifikant sämre på verbalt (VFI) och perceptuellt funktionsindex (PFI) och erhöll en lägre helskaleintelligenskvot (HIK) jämfört med barn födda FT. En signifikant positiv korrelation uppvisades mellan GA och HIK men inte mellan GA och totala beteendeproblem. Det fanns dock signifikanta negativa samband mellan GA och vissa aspekter av beteendeproblem, såsom uppmärksamhetsproblem, tankeproblem, aggressivitet och somatiska problem.

Abstract [en]

Children born preterm (gestational age, GA<37), are at risk for cognitive deficits, emotional problems and behavioral problems. Test results from Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) were compared between a group of 7-8 year old children born preterm (n= 51, GA 22-34) and a group of children born full term (n= 57, GA 40 +/-2), to investigate possible correlations between intellectual ability and behavioral problems. All children were normally functioning and without known cognitive deficits and/or brain damages. The results showed that children born extremely preterm/ very preterm had impaired results on Verbal Comprehension Index and Perceptual Reasoning Index and obtained lower scores on Full Scale IQ in comparison to children born full term. A significant positive correlation was found between GA and full scale IQ, but not between GA and behavioral problems. There was no increased prevalence of behavioral problems among PT. However, PT showed a significantly higher prevalence of certain aspects of behavior, such as attention problems, thought problems, aggressivity and somatic complaints.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100819OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100819DiVA: diva2:794298
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Available from: 2015-03-11 Created: 2015-03-11 Last updated: 2015-04-07Bibliographically approved

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