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Age at Immigration and Crime in Stockholm using Sibling Comparisons
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4513-1501
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Past research has shown that immigrants who arrive at a later age are less likely to commit crime than those who arrive at an earlier age. Segmented assimilation theory argues that the family and neighborhood may be important factors affecting how age at immigration and crime are related to one another. This study used population-based register data for foreign-background males from Stockholm to test the effect of age at immigration on crime. The effect of age at immigration on police registered suspicion for crime was evaluated while considering family and neighborhood factors. Initial results showed that people who immigrated around age 4 were the most likely to be suspected of a crime. When controlling for family characteristics, it seemed that a later age at immigration was tied to a lower likelihood of crime. The result, however, was not statistically significant. The results imply that future research on entire families may be a worthwhile endeavor.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-114798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-114798DiVA: diva2:794189
Available from: 2015-03-10 Created: 2015-03-10 Last updated: 2015-03-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Foreign background and criminal offending among young males in Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Foreign background and criminal offending among young males in Stockholm
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis considers how factors from the home country, the family, and the individual impact the risk for criminal offending among young males from a foreign background residing in Stockholm. I use Swedish register data to examine the risk for police registered suspicion of criminal offending. The introductory chapter presents an historical overview of immigration in Sweden, theories of criminal offending, and details about analysis of register data. It is followed by three empirical studies that consider unique risk factors for crime among children of immigrants while controlling for factors encountered within Sweden. The first study shows that young male children of immigrants do not seem to be inherently violent as a result of coming from a war-torn country. The second study indicates that it is not the age at immigration, but the family situation that seems to dictate criminal propensity. The final study suggests that threats of deportation and stricter immigration policies do not seem to deter criminality. The most interesting result was probably that high home country human development was a protective factor against crime. This is the first known work to uncover such a result. Future theoretical development may be best aimed at unpacking and empirically evaluating the human development index as a risk factor. Together, these three studies suggest that some previously unconsidered uniquely immigrant factors are related to risk for criminality. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Criminology, Stockholm Univeristy, 2015. 52 p.
Series
Avhandlingsserie / Kriminologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, ISSN 1404-1820 ; 37
Keyword
immigrants and crime, foreign background, criminology
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113490 (URN)978-91-7649-114-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-04-22, hörsal 4, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript.

Available from: 2015-03-30 Created: 2015-02-03 Last updated: 2015-04-07Bibliographically approved

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Age at Immigration Beckley(760 kB)164 downloads
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