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On the use of Conversation Analysis and retrospection in intervention for children with language impairment
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2015 (English)In: Child Language Teaching and Therapy, ISSN 0265-6590, E-ISSN 1477-0865, Vol. 31, no 1, 19-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Models of speech and language intervention for communicative disabilities vary from structured programmes to more interactive and ecological methods (Fey, 1986). Ideally, a model for intervention should fit the interests and personality of the patient, focus on crucial aspects of speech and language, and be suited to the patients everyday communication needs (Johnston, 2006). The present article addresses how features of everyday interaction and speech and language intervention may be captured and used for children with language impairment (LI), their caretakers, and speech and language therapists (SLTs), within and outside of clinical practice. Specifically, the aim of the study is to explore the use of retrospection (Erickson and Schultz, 1982), based on Conversation Analytical (CA) methodology (e.g. Schegloff, 2007), and to establish if and how CA-based retrospection may contribute to raising participants awareness of their own and others interactional behaviours. Retrospection here refers to sessions where participants watch and comment on sequences of video-recordings from intervention, as well as from situations captured in a variety of everyday settings. Four children with LI and three speech and language therapists participated, as well as parents of the children. The procedure comprised analysis and transcription of video-recordings of everyday interaction and intervention involving the children, retrospections with the children, the parents of the children with LI, and the SLTs, and analysis and transcription of the recordings made of the retrospections. The analysis of the retrospections generated four categories of phenomena relevant for intervention and everyday interaction: (I) Observations of well-functioning interaction strategies; (2) Observations of less well-functioning interaction strategies; (3) Assessment of positive performance; and (4) Comments relating to intervention. The results show that CA-based retrospection may be used to raise the participants awareness of their own interactional behaviours, and provide the opportunity to discuss strategies relevant for both intervention and everyday interaction for children with LI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications (UK and US) , 2015. Vol. 31, no 1, 19-36 p.
Keyword [en]
Conversation Analysis; interaction; intervention; language impairment; retrospection
National Category
Clinical Medicine Languages and Literature
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114980DOI: 10.1177/0265659014532477ISI: 000348749300002OAI: diva2:794096
Available from: 2015-03-10 Created: 2015-03-06 Last updated: 2016-03-24

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