Monitoring Low Molecular Weight Heparins at Therapeutic Levels: Dose-Responses of, and Correlations and Differences between aPTT, Anti-Factor Xa and Thrombin Generation Assays
2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 1, e0116835Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are used to prevent and treat thrombosis. Tests for monitoring LMWHs include anti-factor Xa (anti-FXa), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and thrombin generation. Anti-FXa is the current gold standard despite LMWHs varying affinities for FXa and thrombin. Aim To examine the effects of two different LMWHs on the results of 4 different aPTT-tests, anti-FXa activity and thrombin generation and to assess the tests concordance. Method Enoxaparin and tinzaparin were added ex-vivo in concentrations of 0.0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 anti-FXa international units (IU)/mL, to blood from 10 volunteers. aPTT was measured using two whole blood methods (Free oscillation rheometry (FOR) and Hemochron Jr (HCJ)) and an optical plasma method using two different reagents (ActinFSL and PTT-Automat). Anti-FXa activity was quantified using a chromogenic assay. Thrombin generation (Endogenous Thrombin Potential, ETP) was measured on a Ceveron Alpha instrument using the TGA RB and more tissue-factor rich TGA RC reagents. Results Methods mean aPTT at 1.0 IU/mL LMWH varied between 54s (SD 11) and 69s (SD 14) for enoxaparin and between 101s (SD 21) and 140s (SD 28) for tinzaparin. ActinFSL gave significantly shorter aPTT results. aPTT and anti-FXa generally correlated well. ETP as measured with the TGA RC reagent but not the TGA RB reagent showed an inverse exponential relationship to the concentration of LMWH. The HCJ-aPTT results had the weakest correlation to anti-FXa and thrombin generation (R(s)0.62-0.87), whereas the other aPTT methods had similar correlation coefficients (R(s)0.80-0.92). Conclusions aPTT displays a linear dose-respone to LMWH. There is variation between aPTT assays. Tinzaparin increases aPTT and decreases thrombin generation more than enoxaparin at any given level of anti-FXa activity, casting doubt on anti-FXas present gold standard status. Thrombin generation with tissue factor-rich activator is a promising method for monitoring LMWHs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science , 2015. Vol. 10, no 1, e0116835
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114992DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116835ISI: 000348821400018PubMedID: 25625201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-114992DiVA: diva2:793762
Funding Agencies|Medical Faculty, University of Lund; Regional medical research grant, Region Skane ALF2015-03-092015-03-062016-03-23