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Studies on the antiproliferative action of interferon: effects on proteins synthesized in the G1 and S phase of the cell cycle in 2 anchorage-dependent cell lines
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular Biology.
1991 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Interferons (IFNs) are a class of structurally related proteins first discovered to be produced by virus-infected cells. By now, several other inducing agents have been described. IFNs exert multiple effects on cells exemplified by the establishment of an antiviral state, inhibition of cell proliferation and alteration of different immune reactions. In the present thesis the inhibition of cellular growth concentrated on effects in the early cell cycle have been studied.

The human glioma cell line 251 MG was found to be blocked in the S phase of the cell cycle upon addition of IFN both to exponentially growing and growth-factor depleted, synchronized cells. Thymidine kinase and DNA-polymerase activities were reduced in parallel with the S phase effect. 2-5 oligo Anucleotides transfected into glioma cells lead to inhibition of cell growth, exponentially growing cells being blocked in the S phase as during IFN treatment. In contrast, synchronized, restimulated cells were blocked in the cellcycle phase where they resided at the time of transfection. As 2-5 oligo A synthetase activity was induced in the middle of the Gl phase, these results might indicate that the kinetics of expression of oligonucleotides after IFN additiondetermines the type of cell cycle block obtained in differenttumor cells.

IFN inhibited preferentially proteins originating from newly synthesized mRNA in Sw 3T3 cells, c-mvc did not seem to be included among these proteins. In both cell systems c-myc expression was unaltered after IFN treatment. In clone T1 selected from the the Sw 3T3 cell line , c-mvc expression was uncoupled to growth and seemed to be growth factor independent. The change in c-myc expression in clone T1 compared to SW 3T3 cells did not render the cells sensitive to IFN. Hence, c-myc regulation does not seem to be the mechanism by which IFN regulates cell growth in this system.

The proliferation marker KI-67 antigen was shown not to be causatively involved in growth inhibition of IFN. The reduced levels of the antigen was proposed to be a secondary effect caused by the G0/G1 arrest.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1991. , 45 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 326
Keyword [en]
Interferon, Glioma, Antiproliferative effect, DNA polymerase, Thymidine kinase, 2' -5' oligo A, Protein synthesis, Two-dimensional electrophorensis, Mouse fibroblasts, C-myc, KI-67 antigen
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100575OAI: diva2:793325
Public defence
1991-12-13, Föreläsningssal B, Tandläkarhögskolan, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 09:00

Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Umeå universitet, 1991, härtill 6 uppsatser

Available from: 2015-03-18 Created: 2015-03-04 Last updated: 2015-04-10Bibliographically approved

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