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Model for change in production systems triggered by environmental requirements: considerations, drivers, key factors
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. (Division of Innovation and Product Realization)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7806-0749
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Industry is a key player in the transition to a sustainable society where manufacturing companies need to respond to the challenges of environmental concerns in several ways. Still, even if several efforts have been made in practise and academia, more research within operations management is addressed in relation to implementing sustainable solutions. The management of change in production systems, such as energy efficiency, will be one of the important future areas for the industry.

In accordance, the objective of the licentiate thesis is, by theoretical and empirical work, focused on developing a model to support the implementation of environmental requirements. Literature reviews as well as two empirical case studies have been conducted in order to explore the environmentally driven change. The first case study conducted is an retrospective multiple case study, including four cases studying the implications of implementation of technology and identifying key factors effecting the outcome of the change. The second case study is an international multiple study, including nine case companies. The study explores what needs to be considered, the drivers for initiating change as well as the key factors effecting the outcome of the change process. The studies conducted and the results are presented in five appended papers.

The research identifies three important links for managing environmentally driven change: how the requirements are introduced, how and if the link between strategic and operational level has been considered and how the need for change is transferred to action and implementation. By providing a system approach for managing change, it also points out the importance of understanding the organisational abilities and maturity of the companies that influence the projects. The result points out sets of drivers as well as key factors, related to the organisational abilities, that are effecting the outcome.

As future research the model, that is developed to support operations management in their work to implement environmentally driven change, needs to be validated in practise. In particular research on the personal commitment and the collaboration is addressed to be studied in relation to a systematic approach as well as how to balance the priorities during the implementation.

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2015.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 195
Keyword [en]
change management, environment, sustainable development
National Category
Engineering and Technology Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27644ISBN: 978-91-7485-190-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27644DiVA: diva2:792874
Presentation
2015-04-23, Raspen, Smedjegatan 37, Eskilstuna, 15:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2015-03-06 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2015-03-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. IMPLICATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS: – CHANGE PROCESSES IN PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>IMPLICATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS: – CHANGE PROCESSES IN PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
2013 (English)In: International Conference on Production Research, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

New requirements from environmental and sustainability perspectives trigger new demands on companies and abilities to change their production systems. The objective of this paper is to present a multiple, retrospective case study where new solutions to meet environmental requirements have been implemented. The cases have been reviewed based on how the companies have managed to sustain and assure the functionality and performance of products when they were adapting and developing surface treatment processes. The paper presents criteria for a successful implementation, as well as obstacles and their effect on the business. A risk exposure is identified when changing the chemical processes, and certain key factors, such as testing and verification, cooperation, management and clear directives, committed key persons, and the number of variables in change, are identified as important for a successful implementation.

Keyword
Change Management, Surface Treatment, Environment, Life Cycle, Sustainability, Quality Management
National Category
Engineering and Technology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-22299 (URN)2-s2.0-84929378407 (Scopus ID)
Conference
22nd International Conference on Production Research, July 28th-August 1st, 2013, Igassu Falls, Brazil
Projects
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing developmentxpres
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Available from: 2013-10-31 Created: 2013-10-31 Last updated: 2015-11-04Bibliographically approved
2. Managing environmentally driven change in manufacturing organisations: Moving from reactive to proactive behaviour
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing environmentally driven change in manufacturing organisations: Moving from reactive to proactive behaviour
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, ISSN 1746-6474, E-ISSN 1746-6482, no 2-3, 347-363 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Manufacturing companies must become better at managing environmentally driven change in order to establish a sustainable world for future generations. Environmental issues such as energy, natural resources, pollution and waste offer both competitive opportunities and constraints, and are changing the competitive landscape in many industries. Even though several incentives have been initiated such as integrating the environmental management system into the quality management systems, still more needs to be done to achieve sustainable operations. In order to increase understanding of the strategic context of environmentally driven changes this paper explores driving forces for the implementation of environmental improvements within an organisation. Additionally, key factors supporting a successful implementation are further analysed. A framework is proposed which links together lessons learnt from implementing change from change- and quality management into sustainability- and environmental management in order to support manufacturing companies in their decision process towards a better environmental position.

Keyword
Change; Environment; Lean; Manufacturing; Quality management; Sustainable development; Total quality management; TQM
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27653 (URN)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2015-03-06 Created: 2015-03-06 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
3. Management of environmentally driven change projects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Management of environmentally driven change projects
Show others...
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Industry is a key player in the transition to a sustainable society. Still, even if several efforts have been made in practice and academia, more research is addressed in relation to implementing sustainable solutions. In accordance, the aim of the paper is to understand the management of environmentally driven projects in the manufacturing industry. A multiple international case study is conducted, including nine case companies. The study explores how the key factors for managing environmentally driven change relate to the organisational abilities. Apart from defining the supportive key factors, three important links for managing environmentally driven change are identified: how the requirements are introduced, the link between strategic and operational level and how the need for change is transferred to action and implementation. A model is developed that can be used for operations managers to consider the degree of proactivity in strategic planning of environmental change projects.

Keyword
Managing Change, Environment, Sustainable Development, Manufacturing, Key factors
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27655 (URN)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

To be submitted

Available from: 2015-03-06 Created: 2015-03-06 Last updated: 2016-12-21Bibliographically approved
4. On the topic of change management triggered by environmental requirements
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the topic of change management triggered by environmental requirements
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

 Industry is a key player in the transition to a sustainable society. Still, even if several efforts have been made in practise and academia, more research is addressed in relation to implementing sustainable solutions. In accordance, this paper focuses on the implementation of complex environmental manufacturing technologies. A multiple case study is conducted, including four retrospective cases studying the implications of implementation of technology and identifying key factors effecting the outcome of the change. By considering change management theory, the results of the study contribute to practitioners by capturing practical learning that needs to be considered when implementing new complex manufacturing technologies. It gives an understanding of the uncertainty and implications that might occur during implementation of new environmental requirements as well as providing an insight of what key factors to consider in different stages of the implementation process.

Keyword
environment; change management; production system; implementation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27656 (URN)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

To be submitted

Available from: 2015-03-06 Created: 2015-03-06 Last updated: 2015-03-09Bibliographically approved
5. Drivers for implementing environmental requirements: An international explorative study in manufacturing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drivers for implementing environmental requirements: An international explorative study in manufacturing
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Manufacturing companies need to respond to a sustainable development in view of the limitations of planet Earth. This paper explores driving forces for environmentally driven change by gathering interview data from 27 manufacturing plants in Europe and America. A proposed model connects external change triggers with required change actions within organizations.

Keyword
Drivers, Sustainable Operations, Change Management
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27657 (URN)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Accepted for presentation at POMS Conference May 2015 Washington D.C.

Available from: 2015-03-06 Created: 2015-03-06 Last updated: 2017-10-20Bibliographically approved

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