Exploring Protein Functions by Molecular Modelling
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Proteins are one of the most important families of biological macromolecules. Proteins can assume many different structures. This makes them perfect to serve a wide range of functions in all organisms. In the last decades, molecular modeling has become an important and powerful tool in the investigation of biological systems. Adopting different computational methods many protein functions and structure related problems can be explored.
This thesis focuses on three different protein issues. The structural changes induced by high temperature on a large enzyme were investigated simulating the denaturation of glucose oxidase. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at different high temperatures were performed. The transition state of the denaturation process was found and the relative ensemble of structures characterized. Different protein properties were analyzed and found in agreement with experimental and theoretical data. Moreover the breaking points of the protein were localized and point mutations on the protein sequence were suggested.
Antifreeze proteins (AFP) allow different organisms to survive in subzero environments. These proteins lower the freezing point of physiological fluids. MD simulations of the snow flea AFP (sfAFP) in water have shown partial instability of the protein structure. When attached to different ice planes at the ice/water interface, the sfAFP induces local ice melting. AFPs are divided into two categories: hyperactive and moderately active depending on their antifreeze power. The water diffusion profile of ice/water systems containing one protein from each family were compared. The ice/water interface width was found to be broadened to different extent by the two proteins, while a control protein (ubiquitin) did not affect the interface thickness.
Hemoglobin is the oxygen carrier in all vertebrates. Mutation along the protein sequence can alter the protein functionality and its capability of binding molecular oxygen. Density Functional Theory methods were applied in the calculation of the oxygen binding energy of the wild type hemoglobin and four other variants. Evaluations on the electronic structures and on the binding energies of the different hemoglobin variants suggest that perhaps none of the mutated hemoglibins efficiently bind oxygen.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University , 2015. , 90 p.
Research subject Physical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-114401ISBN: 978-91-7649-119-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-114401DiVA: diva2:792136
2015-04-17, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Daggett, Valerie, Professor
Hovmöller, Sven, Professor
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Manuscript.2015-03-262015-03-032015-03-27Bibliographically approved
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