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Updating working memory in aircraft noise and speech noise causes different fMRI activations
University of Bergen, Norway.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Cognition, Development and Disability. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. University of Gavle, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 56, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study used fMRI/BOLD neuroimaging to investigate how visual-verbal working memory is updated when exposed to three different background-noise conditions: speech noise, aircraft noise and silence. The number-updating task that was used can distinguish between substitution processes, which involve adding new items to the working memory representation and suppressing old items, and exclusion processes, which involve rejecting new items and maintaining an intact memory set. The current findings supported the findings of a previous study by showing that substitution activated the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the posterior medial frontal cortex and the parietal lobes, whereas exclusion activated the anterior medial frontal cortex. Moreover, the prefrontal cortex was activated more by substitution processes when exposed to background speech than when exposed to aircraft noise. These results indicate that (a) the prefrontal cortex plays a special role when task-irrelevant materials should be denied access to working memory and (b) that, when compensating for different types of noise, either different cognitive mechanisms are involved or those cognitive mechanisms that are involved are involved to different degrees.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley: 24 months , 2015. Vol. 56, no 1
Keyword [en]
Executive functions; updating; substitution; cognitive conflict; cognitive control; noise; frontal-parietal network; fMRI
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114576DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12171ISI: 000348444200001PubMedID: 25352319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-114576DiVA: diva2:791459
Available from: 2015-02-27 Created: 2015-02-26 Last updated: 2017-12-04

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