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Effect of an integrated community-based package for maternal and newborn care on feeding patterns during the first 12 weeks of life: a cluster-randomized trial in a South African township
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa.
Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa.
School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.
Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
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2015 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 18, no 14, 2660-2668 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of community-based counselling on feeding patterns during the first 12 weeks after birth, and to study whether the effect differs by maternal HIV status, educational level or household wealth.

DESIGN: Cluster-randomized trial with fifteen clusters in each arm to evaluate an integrated package providing two pregnancy and five postnatal home visits delivered by community health workers. Infant feeding data were collected using 24 h recall of nineteen food and fluid items.

SETTING: A township near Durban, South Africa.

SUBJECTS: Pregnant women (1894 intervention and 2243 control) aged 17 years or more.

RESULTS: Twelve weeks after birth, 1629 (intervention) and 1865 (control) mother-infant pairs were available for analysis. Socio-economic conditions differed slightly across intervention groups, which were considered in the analyses. There was no effect on early initiation of breast-feeding. At 12 weeks of age the intervention doubled exclusive breast-feeding (OR=2·29; 95 % CI 1·80, 2·92), increased exclusive formula-feeding (OR=1·70; 95 % CI 1·28, 2·27), increased predominant breast-feeding (OR=1·71; 95 % CI 1·34, 2·19), decreased mixed formula-feeding (OR=0·68; 95 % CI 0·55, 0·83) and decreased mixed breast-feeding (OR=0·54; 95 % CI 0·44, 0·67). The effect on exclusive breast-feeding at 12 weeks was stronger among HIV-negative mothers than HIV-positive mothers (P=0·01), while the effect on mixed formula-feeding was significant only among HIV-positive mothers (P=0·03). The effect on exclusive feeding was not different by household wealth or maternal education levels.

CONCLUSIONS: A perinatal intervention package delivered by community health workers was effective in increasing exclusive breast-feeding, exclusive formula-feeding and decreasing mixed feeding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 18, no 14, 2660-2668 p.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-245098DOI: 10.1017/S1368980015000099ISI: 000361570300019PubMedID: 25660465OAI: diva2:790481
Available from: 2015-02-24 Created: 2015-02-24 Last updated: 2015-10-19Bibliographically approved

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Ijumba, PetridaPersson, Lars-Åke
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