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Faktorer som påverkar barns reaktioner vid nålstick: En litteraturstudie om betydelsen av god omvårdnad i samband med nålrelaterade procedurer
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors affecting children's reactions to needle sticks : A literature review about the importance of good nursing care in connection with needle-related procedures (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Upplevelser från barndomen gällande nålrelaterade procedurer kunde lämna spår efter sig långt upp i vuxen ålder, ja kanske hela livet. Med insikt om detta fenomen borde alla involverade försöka att undvika att negativa minnen dröjde sig kvar efter utfört nålstick.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva faktorer som påverkade barns reaktioner vid nålrelaterade procedurer.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ ansats grundat på vetenskapliga artiklar gjordes. Resultatet byggde på 10 artiklar som analyserats induktivt med Fribergs fem-stegs modell.

Resultat: Barnets reaktion på nålrelaterade procedurer påverkades både av det som sjuk-sköterskan och föräldrarna gjorde. Föräldrarna och sjuksköterskan anpassade sig efter barnets behov när det kom till distraktioner och information. Genom analys av de granskade artik-larna uppstod tre huvudkategorier: barnets handlingar, föräldrarnas påverkan och sjuk-sköterskans påverkan.

Slutsats: Distraktionsmetoder var inte alltid något som sjuksköterskan tillämpade, trots att det kunde ha en viss analgetisk funktion. Effekten av distraktionsmetoderna på barnet var vari-erande från gång till gång. Genom att individanpassa information samt ha ett förhållningssätt som var anpassat efter barnet kunde sjuksköterskan och föräldrarna påverka hur barnet kom att hantera situationen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Experiences from childhood in terms of needle-related procedures could leave traces far into adulthood, perhaps for life. By recognizing this phenomenon should all involved try to avoid negative memories to remain after completed pinprick.

Aim: The aim was to describe the factors that influence children's reactions to needle-related procedures.

Method: A literature review with qualitative approach based on scientific articles has been made. The result was based on 10 articles that were analyzed inductively by using Fribergs five-stage model.

Result: The child's reaction to needle-related procedures was affected by what both the nurse and the parents did. The parents and the nurse adapted to the child's needs when it came to distractions and information. Through analysis of the reviewed articles emerged three main categories: the child's actions, parental influence and the nurse's influence.

Conclusion: Distraction methods were not always something that the nurse applied although it may have some analgesic function. The child´s reaction to distraction methods varied. By personalizing information and having an approach adapted to the child, the nurse and the parents could affect how the child would handle the situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Approach, communication, distraction methods, nurse, parents.
Keywords [sv]
Distraktionsmetoder, förhållningssätt, föräldrarna, kommunikation, sjuksköterska.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25929OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-25929DiVA, id: diva2:789710
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-02-19 Last updated: 2015-03-05Bibliographically approved

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