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Information till hjärtsviktspatienter under vårdtiden på sjukhus: En empirisk studie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Heart failure is the most common reason to hospitalization among persons over 65 years old. Self-care is an important part in the treatment of heart failure, but poor information and knowledge limits the ability of self-care and increases the risk of admission to hospital.

The aim of the study was to investigate what information patients with heart failure describes that they receive from health care personal, how information is perceived, who provides the information, and on what occasions it is given. The aim was also to investigate whether patients' perception of knowledge about heart failure increased after hospitalization.

The study is cross-sectional study with a descriptive design. A consecutive selection was used. A questionnaire was filled in by 28 participants.

The study has shown that patients with heart failure largely experience information about heart failure inadequate. At firsthand the participants had been informed about swelling legs, dyspnea and increased weight. The information was highly described as comprehensible and individualized.

Only one third of the participants described that they have been informed by a nurse. A few of the participants experienced increased knowledge about heart failure after the hospitalization.

The information that is given to patients with heart failure is highly experienced as individualized and comprehensible but is given in insufficient extend, as the result demonstrate that many patients with heart failure completely lack information. A routine for heart failure caretaking that include information is required.

Abstract [sv]

Hjärtsvikt är den vanligaste orsaken till inläggning på sjukhus hos personer över 65 år. Egenvård är en viktig del i behandlingen av hjärtsvikt, men bristande information och kunskap begränsar möjligheten till egenvård och därmed ökar risken för inläggning på sjukhus.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilken information patienter med diagnosen hjärtsvikt beskriver att de får från vårdpersonal, på vilket sätt informationen upplevs, vem som ger informationen samt vid vilka tillfällen den ges. Syftet var också att undersöka om patientens upplevda kunskap om hjärtsvikt ökat efter vårdtillfället.

Studien är en tvärsnittsstudie med deskriptiv design och genomförd som en enkätstudie med konsekutivt urval (N= 28).

Studien visade att hjärtsviktpatienter i stor utsträckning upplever information om hjärtsvikt från vårdpersonal som otillräcklig. I första hand har deltagarna upplevt att de informerats om bensvullnad, andfåddhet, viktuppgång. Informationen upplevdes i hög grad lättförståelig och individuellt anpassad. Endast en tredjedel av deltagarna beskrev att de fått information av en sjuksköterska. Ett fåtal av deltagarna upplevde att kunskaperna om hjärtsvikt ökat efter vårdtillfället.

Den information som ges till hjärtsviktspatienter upplevs till stor grad som individuellt anpassad och lättförståelig men informationen sker i bristande omfattning då resultatet visar att många patienter helt saknar information. Det behövs en rutin för omhändertagande av hjärtsviktspatienter som innefattar information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
heart failure, information, self-care, questionnaire study
Keyword [sv]
hjärtsvikt, information, egenvård, enkätstudie
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19018Archive number: FK-C V15-01OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19018DiVA: diva2:788636
Subject / course
Nursing science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-02-18 Created: 2015-02-16 Last updated: 2015-02-18Bibliographically approved

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