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Styrmedelsinventering: delstudie inom SAMKOST
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7864-5982
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Inventory of policy instruments for the transport sector : an understudy to SAMKOST. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Rapporten inventerar och beskriver styrmedel som påverkar omfattningen av olika externa effekter som uppstår från transporter; buller, påverkan på infrastruktur (både planering av ny infrastruktur och konsumtionsfasen), klimat, luftföroreningar, trafiksäkerhet, trängsel samt påverkan på vatten. Styrmedelsanalysen omfattar alla fyra trafikslag: väg-, järnvägs- och sjötransporter samt luftfart. Beskrivningen inleds med en genomgång av relaterade internationella avtal och EU-bestämmelser. Därefter diskuteras inhemska styrmedel utifrån huruvida de påverkar marginalkostnaden av en aktivitet eller inte.

Det är svårt att koppla ett visst styrmedel till en viss extern effekt, även om det i styrmedlets konstruktion ligger en sådan koppling. Skälet är att alla styrmedel som påverkar omfattningen av trafiken per definition också påverkar alla externaliteter som uppstår. Rapportens upplägg är dock sådan att kopplingen görs till den primära externa effekten som styrmedeln påverkar.

Rapporten innehåller även en överblick av styrmedel i fem grannländer: Danmark, Finland, Norge, Storbritannien och Tyskland. Den internationella överblicken omfattar inte någon undersökning av kopplingar till externa effekter utan listar och beskriver styrmedel utifrån vilket transportslag som de påverkar.

Abstract [en]

This report takes stock and describes policy instruments that affect the extent of the various externalities arising from transport; noise, impact on infrastructure (both planning new infrastructure and consumption phase), climate, air pollution, traffic safety, congestion and impact on water. The analysis of policy instruments covers all four transport modes: road, rail, maritime and air transport. The description begins with a review of related international agreements and EU regulations. It then discusses domestic policy measures. The point of departure in this discussion is whether a policy instrument affects the marginal cost of an activity or not.

It is difficult to link a specific policy instruments to specific external effects, even though there is such a link in the instrument's design. The reason for this is that all policy instruments that affect the volume of traffic also by definition  influence all the externalities that arise. The report is nevertheless arranged so that every policy instrument is coupled to the external effect that it primarily aims at.

The report also contains an overview of policy instruments in five neighboring countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway, the UK and Germany. The international overview does not include an examination of the links between external effects and policy instruments but lists and describes the policy instruments on the basis of the transport mode they affect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2015. , 116 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 841
Keyword [en]
External effect, Tax, Congestion charging, Road pricing, Policy, Noise, Emission, Air pollution, Safety, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Germany, United Kingdom, Sweden, Road traffic, Rail traffic, Maritime transport, Air traffic, Water contamination
National Category
Economics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J13 Railway: Economics; SAB, Prz Ships and shipping
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7775OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7775DiVA: diva2:788265
Available from: 2015-02-13 Created: 2015-02-13 Last updated: 2016-02-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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