Extending the Reach of Accurate Wavefunction Methods
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Multiconfigurational quantum chemistry methods, and especially the multiconfigurational self-consistent field (MCSCF) and multireference perturbation theory (MRPT2), are powerful tools, particularly suited to the accurate modeling of photochemical processes and transition metal catalysis. However, they are limited by their high computational cost compared to other methods, especially density functional theory. Moreover, there are areas where they would be expected to perform well, but where they are not applied due to lack of experience.
This thesis addresses those issues. First, the efficiency of the Cholesky decomposition approximation to reduce the cost of MCSCF and MRPT2 without sacrificing their accuracy is demonstrated. This then motivates the extension of the Cholesky approximation to the computation of MCSCF nuclear gradients, thus strongly improving the ability to perform MCSCF non-adiabatic molecular dynamics. Typically, a tenfold speed-up is observed allowing dynamic simulation of larger systems or over longer times.
Finally, multiconfigurational methods are applied to the computation of X-ray spectra of transition metal complexes. The importance of the different parameters in the calculation is systematically investigated, laying the base for wider applications of those accurate methods in the modeling of X-ray spectroscopy. A tool to analyze the resulting spectrum in terms of molecular orbitals is also presented, strengthening the interplay between theory and experiments.
With these developments and other significant ones that have happened in recent years, multiconfigurational methods can now reach new grounds and contribute to important new discoveries
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. , 75 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1228
Quantum chemistry, Density fitting, CASSCF, Analytical gradients, Photochemistry, X-ray spectroscopy
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Quantum Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-243573ISBN: 978-91-554-9168-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-243573DiVA: diva2:787594
2015-03-31, Siegbahnsalen, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Schütz, Martin, Pr. Dr.
Lindh, Roland, ProfessorMalmqvist, Per-Åke
List of papers