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Laborativt arbete i fysikundervisningen: Något som behöver diskuteras!
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1154-8218
2015 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Baksidestext

I gymnasieskolans kursplaner för ämnet fysik framhålls det undersökande arbetssättet genom att betona att eleverna ska ges förutsättningar att utveckla förmågan att söka svar på frågor, planera, genomföra, tolka och redovisa experiment. Eleverna ska dessutom ges möjligheter att använda sina kunskaper i fysik för att kommunicera, argumentera och presentera slutsatser. Utgångspunkten i den här avhandlingen är att laborationsmomentet skapar en speciell diskurs där eleverna blir aktörer och läraren iträder rollen som observatör. I en sådan miljö skapas förutsättningar för att eleverna på ett naturligt sätt får möjlighet att prata och diskutera fysik, utifrån sina egna förutsättningar. Syftet med denna avhandling är att genom praktikbaserade studier tydliggöra hur fysiklaborationens utformning påverkar elevernas kommunikation och vidare hur eleverna använder språket vid laborationstillfället för att skapa förståelse. Detta bidrar till debatten om fysiklaborationens effektivitet, sett både ur ett undervisnings- och inlärningsperspektiv. Resultaten visar att olika laborationsformer är uppbyggda av liknande aktiviteter, men varierar i tid som ägnas åt de olika aktiviteterna. Aktiviteterna i sin tur skapar samtal av olika karaktär. Olika samtalsformer används för skilda syften. Ett analytiskt ramverk har skapats för att ingående kunna studera hur och vad eleverna talar om både på en lingvistisk och kognitiv nivå.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2015. , 37 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2015:14
Keyword [sv]
Laborativt arbete, Fysikdidaktik, Kommunikation, Effektivitet, Laborationsformer
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35125ISBN: 978-91-7063-625-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-35125DiVA: diva2:787353
Presentation
2015-03-04, 21D 304, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-03-04 Created: 2015-02-03 Last updated: 2015-03-04Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The Effectiveness of Laboratory Work in Physics: A Case Study at Upper Secondary School in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effectiveness of Laboratory Work in Physics: A Case Study at Upper Secondary School in Sweden
2012 (Swedish)In: Proceedings of The World Conference on Physics Education 2012: WCPE 2012 / [ed] Mehmet Fatih Taşar, 2012, 729-740 p.Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The present paper reports on a case study that examined the effectiveness of a practical activity in physics, at a Swedish upper secondary school. A teacher and 19 students participated in the study. The students were observed while working with the topic motion, in a computer based laboratory environment (CBL). This case study is part of an ongoing longitudinal study, about the role of laboratory work with different degrees of freedom. The analysis of interviews, written reports and posttest, shows that the practical work was effective based on Millar’s model. Even so, the students had difficulties expressing what they learned from the activity. This study emphasizes the complexity of planning and conducting laboratory work that is effective, from several different aspects. 

Keyword
Physics education, Laboratory work, Effectiveness, Experiences, Computer based lab
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35120 (URN)978-605-364-658-7 (ISBN)
Conference
WCPE -The World Conference on Physics Education 1-7 july 2012, Istanbul, Turkiet
Available from: 2015-02-03 Created: 2015-02-03 Last updated: 2017-10-31Bibliographically approved
2. Different Types of Laboratory Work - Different Types of Communication: Students’ talk during laboratory work in upper secondary school physics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Different Types of Laboratory Work - Different Types of Communication: Students’ talk during laboratory work in upper secondary school physics
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
science education, laboratory work, practical work, inquiry, communication, talk-types, physics
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35123 (URN)
Available from: 2015-02-03 Created: 2015-02-03 Last updated: 2015-10-02Bibliographically approved
3. Student talk during the process of laboratory work of linear motion in school physics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Student talk during the process of laboratory work of linear motion in school physics
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
science education, laboratory work, discourse analysis, talk-types, motion, physics
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35124 (URN)
Available from: 2015-02-03 Created: 2015-02-03 Last updated: 2015-10-02Bibliographically approved

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2015:14(1222 kB)179 downloads
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