The objective with this report is to study how results from the
LUCOEX (Large Underground Concept Experiments) project can be
utilized by less-advanced radioactive waste management programs,
with respect to high-level waste and spent fuel, in member states
of the European Union. Also an evaluation of how far these
countries have come in their radioactive waste programs has been
High-level long-lived waste and spent fuel requires the most
comprehensive disposal of all types of radioactive waste. The most
safe and feasible way to take care of this waste is by a geological
disposal system. Geological disposal is the preferred solution for
most countries with high-level waste and spent fuel.
The purpose of the LUCOEX project is to validate the technical
achievability in place for repositories for long-lived high-level
nuclear waste. This includes a dependable construction,
manufacturing, disposal and sealing of the repositories. Two proofof-
concepts are made in clay and two in crystalline rock.
The countries that consider clay as an option for suitable host
rock for deep geological disposal are Belgium, Bulgaria, France,
Germany, Hungary, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Romania,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
The countries that consider crystalline rock as an option for
suitable host rock for deep geological disposal are Bulgaria, Czech
Republic, Finland, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
Spain, Slovakia, Hungary, United Kingdom, Germany, Czech Republic
and Belgium are countries that have made significant progress in
their radioactive waste management programs, and therefore are in a
position where results from the LUCOEX project can be utilized in a
perspicuous future. This also concerns the participant countries of
LUCOEX; Switzerland, France, Sweden and Finland.
In addition Bulgaria, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, the Netherlands,
Slovenia and Croatia can utilize the results from the LUCOEX
project to get information of one concept to aim for in the future.
2015. , 40 p.