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Arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för vuxna med depression och ångestsyndrom: en litteraturstudie
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Depression och ångestsyndrom hör till de vanligaste psykiska sjukdomarna och medför stora aktivitetsbegränsningar inom arbete, fritid och personlig vård. Trots det finns det få litteraturstudier om arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för denna målgrupp. Syftet var att beskriva arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för vuxna personer med depression eller ångestsyndrom. En systematisk litteraturstudie genomfördes i Pubmed, PsycInfo, Scopus och Cinahl. Arton artiklar inkluderades. Artiklarna analyserades med stöd av Friberg (2012). Tre huvudteman identifierades: 1) Att hjälpa klienterna få ökad insikt om sin livssituation, 2) Att lära klienten hantera och förebygga symtom och 3) Aktivitet som medel i interventionen. Resultatet har betydelse för hur arbetsterapeuter kan välja, kommunicera och genomföra interventioner samt för framtida forskning. Betydelsen av val av behandlingsstrategier i interventionerna diskuterades också.

Abstract [en]

Depression and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders and lead to serious activity limitations in work, leisure and self-care.  In spite of this, there are few systematic reviews on occupational therapy interventions for this client group. The study aim was to describe occupational therapy interventions for adults with depression or anxiety disorders. A systematic review was conducted in Pubmed, PsycInfo, Scopus and Cinahl. Eighteen articles were included. The articles were analyzed in accordance with Friberg (2012). Three main themes were identified: 1) To help clients gain insight into their life situation, 2) To teach clients how to manage and prevent symptoms, and 3) Occupation as means in the intervention. The findings have implications for how therapists can choose, communicate and carry out interventions as well as for future research. The importance of therapeutic strategies in the interventions was also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
Therapeutic strategies, evidence-based practice, mental illness, occupation-based interventions, Model of human occupation
Keyword [sv]
Behandlingsstrategier, evidensbaserat arbete, psykisk ohälsa, aktivitetsbaserade metoder, Model of human occupation
National Category
Occupational Therapy
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113983ISRN: LIU-ISV/AT-C-14/040–SEOAI: diva2:786171
Subject / course
Degree Project in Occupational Therapy
Available from: 2016-01-19 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2016-01-19Bibliographically approved

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