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Frivillig men motvillig? – En kartläggning av faktorer som bidrar till intentioner att lämna respektive stanna i anställningen hos gruppbefäl och soldater i Försvarsmakten.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Försvarsmakten har nyligen ersatt värnplikten med ett personalförsörjningssystem där gruppbefäl och soldater anställs på samma villkor som på den civila arbetsmarknaden. En oväntad konsekvens av detta är en oönskat hög personalomsättning inom denna anställningskategori. Syftet med denna studie var att kartlägga faktorer som bidrar till intentionen att stanna kvar i eller lämna sin anställning hos kategorin gruppbefäl och soldater i Försvarsmakten. Ett konceptuellt ramverk utvecklades med grunden i den klassiska tvåfaktormodellen för arbetstillfredsställelse av Frederick Herzberg kombinerat med ett perspektiv på personalomsättning baserat på intentioner hos de anställda. Undersökningen har gjorts i form av en casestudie med kvalitativ, intervjubaserad ansats vid en enhet på Livgardet i Stockholm. Resultatet är ett antal olika faktorer som bidrar till de anställdas intentioner att stanna, motivationsfaktorer, och ett antal olika faktorer som bidrar till de anställdas intentioner att lämna sin anställning, hygienfaktorer. Motivationsfaktorerna som identifierades var: personlig utveckling, engagemang från chefer, erkännande & feedback, arbetsuppgifter samt gemenskap. Hygienfaktorerna var: ledarskap (inkluderat värnpliktstänk och kommunikation), arbetsgivarrollen, planering & ovisshet, arbetsmiljö samt övriga faktorer. Dessa faktorer stämde överlag överens med det konceptuella ramverket och tidigare studier, samt gav en fördjupad bild av fenomenet. 

Abstract [en]

The Swedish Armed Forces have recently introduced an organisational change which entailed that squad leaders and soldiers are employed under the same contractual conditions that exist in the civilian job market. An unexpected consequence of this change has been an undesirable level of employee turnover within this occupational category, largely due to employees choosing to terminate their employment before the fulfilment of their contracted time. Therefore, the aim of this exploratory study was to uncover and map out factors that contribute to employees intentions to leave or to continue in their employment as squad leaders and soldiers within the Swedish Armed Forces. A conceptual framework was developed based on the classic two-factor model for job satisfaction presented by Frederick Herzberg combined with an intention-based perspective on the phenomenon employee turnover. The study utilised a qualitative, interview-based approach for a case study of a unit within the Lifeguard Regiment based in Stockholm, Sweden. The study yielded a set of factors that are indicated as contributing to the employees’ intentions to stay, herein termed motivational factors, and a different set of factors that are suggested to contribute to the employees’ intentions to leave, herein termed hygiene factors. The set of motivational factors were identified as personal development, manager engagement, acknowledgement & feedback, work tasks, and community & camaraderie. The set of hygiene factors were identified as leadership (including subcategories conscription attitude and communication), the employer role, planning & uncertainty, work environment, and other factors. Overall the results were consistent with previous findings, and also offered a more in-depth view of the phenomenon. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 53 p.
Keyword [en]
employee turnover, employee retention, job satisfaction, motivation, Swedish Armed Forces, military
Keyword [sv]
personalomsättning, arbetstillfredsställelse, motivation, Försvarsmakten, militär
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-243107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-243107DiVA: diva2:786054
Subject / course
Business Studies
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Business and Economics
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-02-09 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2015-02-09Bibliographically approved

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