Optimizing GaNP Coaxial Nanowires for Efficient Light Emission by Controlling Formation of Surface and Interfacial Defects
2015 (English)In: Nano letters (Print), ISSN 1530-6984, E-ISSN 1530-6992, Vol. 15, no 1, 242-247 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We report on identification and control of important nonradiative recombination centers in GaNP coaxial nanowires (NWs) grown on Si substrates in an effort to significantly increase light emitting efficiency of these novel nanostructures promising for a wide variety of optoelectronic and photonic applications. A point defect complex, labeled as DD1 and consisting of a P atom with a neighboring partner aligned along a crystallographic ⟨111⟩ axis, is identified by optically detected magnetic resonance as a dominant nonradiative recombination center that resides mainly on the surface of the NWs and partly at the heterointerfaces. The formation of DD1 is found to be promoted by the presence of nitrogen and can be suppressed by reducing the strain between the core and shell layers, as well as by protecting the optically active shell by an outer passivating shell. Growth modes employed during the NW growth are shown to play a role. On the basis of these results, we identify the GaP/GaNyP1–y/GaNxP1–x (x < y) core/shell/shell NW structure, where the GaNyP1–y inner shell with the highest nitrogen content serves as an active light-emitting layer, as the optimized and promising design for efficient light emitters based on GaNP NWs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2015. Vol. 15, no 1, 242-247 p.
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113960DOI: 10.1021/nl503454sISI: 000348086100039PubMedID: 25426571OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-113960DiVA: diva2:785898
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [621-2010-3815]; U.S. National Science Foundation [DMR-0907652, DMR-1106369]; Royal Government of Thailand2015-02-042015-02-042015-05-20