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Modelling internal erosion within an embankment dam prior to breaching
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Soil and Rock Mechanics.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

There are still uncertainties in the safety of existing embankment dams. For instance, the majority of embankment dams in Sweden were built between 1950s and 1970s, designed and constructed to standards that might be unacceptable nowadays. Particularly, Vattenfall’s records stated that 40% owned embankments dams developed sinkholes (Nilsson, 1999). Moreover, internal erosion and its failure mechanisms of initiation and development are still not fully understood (Bowles et al., 2013). Also, internal threats are difficult to detect and interpret even using new instrumentation techniques. The aim of this Master Thesis is to identify failure mechanisms of embankment dams prior to breaching and hence, verify the reliability of a risk analysis after the breaching of the dam. The methodology consisted of monitoring an embankment dam prone to fail by internal erosion mechanisms. Finally the results were modelled using FEM to identify the risk of internal erosion prior to breaching.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
internal erosion, numerical modelling, monitoring, embankment dam, risk analysis
National Category
Civil Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159227OAI: diva2:783478
Available from: 2015-01-26 Created: 2015-01-26 Last updated: 2015-01-26Bibliographically approved

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Soil and Rock Mechanics
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