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Preparing for Genocide: Community Work in Rwanda
Stockholm School of Economics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

How do political elites prepare the civilian population for participation in violent conflict? We empirically investigate this question using village-level data from the Rwandan Genocide in 1994. Every Saturday before 1994, Rwandan villagers had to meet to work on community infrastructure, a practice called Umuganda. This practice was highly politicized and, in the years before the genocide, regularly used for spreading political propaganda. To establish causality, we exploit cross-sectional variation in meeting intensity induced by exogenous weather fluctuations. We find that an additional rainy Saturday resulted in a five percent lower civilian participation rate in genocide violence. These results pass a number of indirect tests of the exclusion restriction as well as other robustness checks and placebo tests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala, 2015. , 40 p.
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2015:1
Keyword [en]
Conflict, Rainfall
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-242293OAI: diva2:783070
Available from: 2015-01-23 Created: 2015-01-23 Last updated: 2015-01-23Bibliographically approved

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Poulsen, Jonas
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