External Growth Control of Baltic Sea Cyanobacteria
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The overall aim of the study was to provide better insights to the ecological role and impact of cyanobacteria in Baltic Sea (BS) bay, coastal and open sea areas. Biomass and heterocyst development of diazotrophic, heterocystous cyanobacteria were monitored over several years simultaneously as physical parameters such as nutrients and temperature. Nitrogen fixation was estimated as well as its transfer in the BS food web. Even after decades of debate there is still controversy whether eutrophication of lakes and estuaries/coastal areas should be managed by reducing phosphorus only or also nitrogen. Central to this debate is whether nitrogen fixation by cyanobacteria can replace shortages of combined nitrogen quickly enough to make phosphorus the limiting nutrient and nitrogen removal pointless or even harmful. Also, it is not clear if available combined nitrogen inhibits heterocystous cyanobacterial nitrogen fixation and if it is used for their growth in situ. A large ecosystem-wide experiment started in Himmerfjärden bay in year 1997, where the N-loadings and release depth from a modern sewage treatment plant (STP), located in the inner part of the bay, were modulated. The STP creates a steep gradient of nutrients and stable nitrogen isotopes, which can be used to study uptake of combined nitrogen, as well as biomass development and primary productivity. A 35-year long data series was used to achieve good insights into phytoplankton development and primary productivity in the Baltic Sea over the last couple of decades. These in vivo long time series, based on monitoring data, in combination with shorter series (2-3 seasons, including measurements of colony stoichiometry and stable isotopes), have resulted in a unique meta-dataset, allowing for high-resolution observations into the role of the cyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea ecosystem.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University , 2015. , 47 p.
Cyanobacteria, Baltic Sea, diazotrophs, diazotrophy, heterocysts, primary productivity, stable isotopes, sewage treatment
Research subject Marine Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-112753ISBN: 978-91-7649-086-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-112753DiVA: diva2:782894
2015-03-20, The Lecure Hall, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Lilla Frescativägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Legrand, Catherine, Prof.
Larsson, Ulf, Assoc. Prof.Walve, Jakob, Dr.Gorokhova, Elena, Prof.
FunderSwedish Research Council Formas
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.2015-02-262015-01-142015-06-30Bibliographically approved
List of papers