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Influencing factors on time of breastfeeding initiation among a national representative sample of women in India
School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
2013 (English)In: Health, ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 5, no 12, 2169-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Breastfeeding is seen as vital for mother and child and therefore is of great public health con- cern. Early initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of delivery is important as it reduces neo- natal mortality. Increasing our understanding of barriers and reasons for not commencing early breastfeeding is important to improve strategies and conditions to overcome such barriers. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate factors influencing time of breastfeeding among women in India, focusing on health care utilisation re-lated issues and partner behaviour. Data from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India’s National Family Health Survey (NFHS) from 2005-2006 (NFHS-3) have been used in this study. Breastfeeding for the latest child was considered in the study. A total of 35,795 female respondents are included in this study. Chi square test and adjusted logistic regression analysis were used. Among all 35,795 women in the study, a total of 31.1% initiated breastfeeding within one hour and 68.6% initi- ated breastfeeding within the first week. Educa- tional level, economic status and women’s caste or tribe, place of delivery, prenatal visits to health care facilities and assistance during delivery as well as partner’s controlling and violent behav- ior are important factors influencing time of ini- tiation of breastfeeding. It is evident that policy makers need to ensure that all health profes- sionals support and promote early breastfeed- ing initiation. It is also important to promote deiveries in hospitals and other healthcare facili- ties as they may increase early initiation. Furthermore, it is fundamental that efforts are in- tensified for girls and women to obtain education to increase women’s empowerment and improved gender equality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
USA: Scientific Research , 2013. Vol. 5, no 12, 2169-80 p.
Keyword [en]
Breastfeeding, Socioeconomic, Partner Violence, India
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41291DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512296OAI: diva2:780268
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-14 Last updated: 2016-10-07Bibliographically approved

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Dalal, Koustuv
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School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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