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Audiologists preferences for patient-centredness: a cross-sectional questionnaire study of cross-cultural differences and similarities among professionals in Portugal, India and Iran
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Anglia Ruskin University, England.
Anglia Ruskin University, England.
Polytech Institute Porto, Portugal.
University of Social Welf and Rehabil Science, Iran.
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2014 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 4, no 10, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Patient-centredness has become an important aspect of health service delivery; however, there are a limited number of studies that focus on this concept in the domain of hearing healthcare. The objective of this study was to examine and compare audiologists preferences for patient-centredness in Portugal, India and Iran. Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design with audiologists recruited from three different countries. Participants: A total of 191 fully-completed responses were included in the analysis (55 from Portugal, 78 from India and 58 from Iran). Main outcome measure: The Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS). Results: PPOS mean scores suggest that audiologists have a preference for patient-centredness (ie, mean of 3.6 in a 5-point scale). However, marked differences were observed between specific PPOS items suggesting these preferences vary across clinical situations. A significant level of difference (pless than0.001) was found between audiologists preferences for patient-centredness in three countries. Audiologists in Portugal had a greater preference for patient-centredness when compared to audiologists in India and Iran, although no significant differences were found in terms of age and duration of experience among these sample populations. Conclusions: There are differences and similarities in audiologists preferences for patient-centredness among countries. These findings may have implications for the training of professionals and also for clinical practice in terms of optimising hearing healthcare across countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group: Open Access / BMJ Journals , 2014. Vol. 4, no 10, 1-11 p.
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Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113033DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005915ISI: 000344774500041OAI: diva2:778383
Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-08 Last updated: 2015-01-20

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Manchaiah, Vinaya
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