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An Interactive Research Approach to the Triple Helix Model in Environmental Science
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (ESEG)
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Increased interaction between scientists and the social environment is considered to be one of the characteristics of modern science. This interaction can occur through collaboration between different sectors in society. In connection to this, the Triple Helix model claims that interaction between university, industry and public sectors, is key to modern innovation development. So far, cross-sector interaction between actors in environmental science has been scarcely studied in a scientific manner. Most studies carried out in the area have disregarded the actual practice of such collaborations and what happens in projects where these sectors interact. As this has become a common way to solve environmental problems, it is of considerable importance to gain more knowledge about this process. The objective of this research was to study and explain cross-sector collaboration. Using the interactive research method, characterised by joint learning and interaction with the participants, this was explored through two case studies. The method was well suited for studying ongoing interactions between the university, industry and public sectors. The first case was an international collaboration between representatives of the Triple Helix sectors. Here, olive-mill wastewater in Greece was the focus. The Triple Helix framework was used both on the intended analytical level and at a management level closer to the actor level of the participants. The second case was a three-year environmental research project in the Kalmar region where strong university-industry collaboration was carried out in order to find wastewater treatment solutions in the wood industry. This collaboration was extended to include more actors in the region during the process. The actual practice of these cases showed the importance of a dialogue between participants. Triple Helix can be used as an initial framework for such a dialogue through which the model is redefined by input from all sectors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Linnaeus University , 2015. , 78 p.
Series
Licentiate thesis in environmental science
Keyword [en]
university-industry collaboration, triple helix, interactive research, wastewater, relevance of research, third task
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology; Natural Science, Environmental Science; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38858ISBN: 978-91-87925-40-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-38858DiVA: diva2:777859
Presentation
2015-01-30, Fullriggaren, Landgången 3, Kalmar, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-01-28 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2016-11-02Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. A cross-national environmental cluster collaboration: Shifting between an analytical and management level of the triple helix
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A cross-national environmental cluster collaboration: Shifting between an analytical and management level of the triple helix
2015 (English)In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 42, no 4, 583-593 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The STInno project, which was part of the EU Framework Programme 7 aimed to minimise thedistance between south–north regions in Europe with a specific focus on wastewater treatmentclusters. Three triple helix collaborations from three different countries participated, using theirknowledge to work on a case study of olive mill wastewaters. The objective of this paper was tostudy how the triple helix functioned in practice. Results showed that a management model of thetriple helix is somewhat different from the analytical model. A shift between these two viewsoccurred during the project and the participants had to relate to this, as it had an effect onthe outcomes. Concepts of social capital and trust are used to further elaborate on this byemphasising the importance of the people side of the triple helix and how the original, analyticalmodel can be limiting when used in management practice.

Keyword
triple helix, social capital, environmental science, university-industry collaboration, wastewater, Framework Programme 7
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Social Sciences, Sociology; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38852 (URN)10.1093/scipol/scu075 (DOI)000361041500011 ()2-s2.0-84939477605 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Overcoming the Triple Helix Boundaries in an Environmental Research Collaboration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Overcoming the Triple Helix Boundaries in an Environmental Research Collaboration
2017 (English)In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 44, no 2, 153-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cross-sector interactions between university and other sectors are increasingly important to contemporary knowledge production. However, there are few guidelines for conducting such interactions at the micro-level of actor or research group. The aim of this study was to provide a better understanding of cross-sector collaboration by drawing upon the theory of knowledge boundaries. The main author worked as an action researcher, specifically an interactive researcher, within an environmental research group that was focused on solving on-site industry wastewater issues. Using this approach, we created arenas for dialogue between sectors. During this three-year European Union project, built on three years of previous research, there was an increased demand for the group to develop applied results and to interact with other sectors. Thus, the researchers were challenged to cross boundaries and share their knowledge with partners outside academia. We argue that difficulties are encountered when crossing information process-oriented, cultural, and political boundaries. These difficulties are related to the move between Mode 1 and Mode 2 of knowledge production and the triple helix approach. Solutions to these issues were solved, in part, by the use of boundary spanners and boundary management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2017
Keyword
triple helix, mode 2, interactive research, environmental science, usefulness of science, research collaboration
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation; Social Sciences, Sociology; Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38853 (URN)10.1093/scipol/scw045 (DOI)000401745500001 ()
Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2017-07-18Bibliographically approved
3. Interactive Research in a Triple Helix Based Environmental Collaboration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interactive Research in a Triple Helix Based Environmental Collaboration
2014 (English)In: Triple Helix XII International Conference: The Triple Helix and Innovation-Based Economic Growth: New Frontiers and Solutions, Tomsk: Triple Helix International Conference , 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tomsk: Triple Helix International Conference, 2014
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37289 (URN)
Conference
Triple Helix XII International Conference. The triple helix and innovation-based economic growth: New frontiers and solutions Tomsk september 11—13, 2014
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2017-04-18Bibliographically approved

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