The Significance of Person-Centered Information on Dental Anxiety – a mixed method study
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Dental anxieties are one of the most common forms of anxieties today and represent an obstacle for both the patients and the therapists. The aim of this study was twofold; first, to describe experiences of and assess dental anxiety among patients, and second, based on this develop, implement and evaluate a person-centered information program to decrease experiences of dental anxiety. Our hypothesis was that person-centered information reduces dental anxiety estimated by the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS). The higher initially measured anxiety the greater reduction of anxiety at the final measurement. This is a descriptive intervention study with a mixed method design based on individual interviews and questionnaires about dental anxiety. Eight patients, median age 51.50 + Q1=35.00, Q3=67.00 completed the program. Dental Anxiety Scale was used to measure the level of dental anxiety and to evaluate the effect of person-centered information. The analysis of the interviews resulted in three content areas: causes of dental anxiety, expressions of dental anxiety and preference of information. Pre-intervention median DAS was 13.50 + Q1=12.25, Q3=16.50. In seven of the participants the score of the dental anxiety decreased and one did not change in scores on DAS. The post-intervention median DAS was 9.50 + Q1=8.25, Q3=12.75, with a statistically significant change (p<0.05). In conclusion, the hypothesis was supported. Person-centered information based on the history of dental anxiety and the participants’ preferences, may be helpful in reducing dental anxiety.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-97866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-97866DiVA: diva2:777364
Hällgren- Graneheim, UllaLundman, Berit