Intellectual Fascism: Per Engdahl and the Formation of 'New-Swedish Socialism'
2014 (English)In: Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies, ISSN 2211-6249, Vol. 3, no 2, 69-92 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The focus of this article is the ideological formation of so called ‘New-Swedish Socialism’, an indigenous form of fascist thought formulated by the Swedish ideologue Per Engdahl (1909–1994) in the early 1930s. New-Swedish Socialism should not be equated with either Italian-styled Fascism or National Socialism, but must be seen as an original form of fascist thought. This fascist variant can be described as comparatively flexible, low-key and intellectual. The present analysis of the formation of New- Swedish Socialism follows the model for ideological analysis suggested by the British political scientist Michael Freeden. Freeden’s analytical mode defines an ideology in terms of a core cluster of interrelated and ineliminable political concepts which are essentially contestable. Starting from a definition of generic fascism and using the core concepts that can be identified from this definition, the presence, de-contestation and interrelatedness of these core concepts within New-Swedish Socialism is studied and analyzed. This article addresses whether New-Swedish Socialism can correctly be labelled fascist as well as capturing its special character as a fascist variant in its own right. The study has been limited to the ideological formation process in the early and mid-1930s but Engdahl remained an important influence on Swedish as well as European fascism throughout his life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brill Academic Publishers, 2014. Vol. 3, no 2, 69-92 p.
ideological formation; Sweden; interwar period; Swedish fascism; fascist variants; Per Engdahl; Nysvenska Rörelsen
Research subject History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-97837DOI: 10.1163/22116257-00302001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-97837DiVA: diva2:776886