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Preventiva samtal om risk för infektioner vid injektionsmissbruk–ökar utbildningsintervention personalens kunskap och motivation?
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesisAlternative title
Preventive communication about contracting infections during intravenous drug abuse-Can aneducational intervention increase knowledge and motivation among personnel? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Personer som injicerar droger riskerar att drabbas av allvarliga infektioner. Tidigare studier har visat att personal som möter personer i risk inte har tillräckligt med kunskap för att erbjuda hälsofrämjande insatser.

Syfte:Att kartlägga personalens kunskap om infektioner som kan drabba personer som injicerar droger,samt undersöka om utbildnings intervention ökar personalens kunskap och motivation till preventiva samtal.

Metod:Totalt genomfördes fem utbildningar med 26 deltagare från psykiatri-, och infektionsavdelning, samt ungdomsmottagning. Studien genomfördes med enkät före och en månad efter utbildning. Enkäten innehöll kunskapsfrågor och frågor om erfarenhet av preventionssamtal med personer i risk.

Resultat:Studien visade att personalen saknade tillräcklig kunskap om smitta vid injektion av droger och att personer i risk inte i tillräcklig omfattning erbjöds information och stöd. Innan utbildning skulle enbart 60 % av personalen samtala om smitta vid injektion av droger om de fick frågor av personer i risk. Hinder för samtal uppgavs vara brist på kunskap och osäkerhet på hur frågorna skulle tas emot vid samtal. Personalens upplevda och faktiska kunskap visade på en signifikant förbättring efter utbildningsinterventionen (p<0,001). Utbildningen upplevdes som relevant och 80 % av deltagarna önskade ytterligare utbildning i form av föreläsningar på arbetsplatsen och handledning av sakkunnig. Konklusion:För att kunna erbjuda personer som injicerar droger hälsofrämjande insatserkrävs att personal har tillgång till anpassad utbildningoch aktivt stödutifrån verksamhetensbehov

Abstract [en]

Background:People who inject drugs are at risk of contracting severe infections. Previous studies have shown that personnel meeting people at risk often lack sufficient knowledge to offer health promotion measures.

Aims:This study aimed to investigate knowledge among personnel about infectious diseases contracted due to injecting drugs and determine whether educational intervention can increase knowledge and motivation for preventive communication.

Methods:We administered a total of five courses to 26 healthcare workers employed in an infectious diseases department, psychiatric clinic, and youth counseling clinic. The study was conducted with questionnaires before and one month after completing the courses. The questionnaires included questions about disease facts, and workers’ experience regarding preventive conversations with people at risk.

Results:The study revealed that respondent slacked sufficient knowledge about infections associated with injecting drugs, and that people at risk did not receive adequate information and support. Before education, only 60% of respondents would consider talking about infections contracted while injecting drugs if they got questions by persons at risk. Barriers to addressing such questions included lack of knowledge,and uncertainty about how the questions would be received. After the educational intervention, respondents perceived a significant improvement of knowledge (p<0,001). They perceived the coursesas relevant,and 80% of participants wanted more lectures and expert guidance in the workplace.

Conclusion:Providing health promotion to persons who inject drugs requires appropriate educationfor personnel,as well as active support adapted to their needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 52 p.
Series
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; MPH 2014:17
Keyword [en]
injecting drug use, infection, health promotion, personnel, knowledge
Keyword [sv]
injektionsmissbruk, smitta, hälsofrämjande, personal, kunskap
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3575OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3575DiVA: diva2:776380
Presentation
2014-09-12, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, Box 12133, 402 42 Göteborg, 14:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Note

ISBN 978-91-86739-82-9

Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2015-01-23Bibliographically approved

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