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Mänsklig skam inom omvårdnad: Det exponerade jaget
Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Human shame in nursing care : The exposed self (English)
Abstract [sv]

Begreppet skam är ett mångdimensionellt subjektivt begrepp. Vid sjukdom kan kroppen upplevas som annorlunda och patienten är ibland i behov av hjälp som tidigare inte behövdes vilket kan väcka känslor av skam. Vid känslan av skam upplever individen en blottning av jaget där aspekter som känslighet, intimitet och sårbarhet visas. Syftet med studien var att belysa vad skam är och kan vara inom omvårdnad och genomfördes som en systematisk litteraturstudie. Tio vetenskapliga artiklar användes till studiens resultat och tre teman kunde identifieras; "Mänsklig skam i vårdandet och miljön: det förminskade jaget", "mänsklig skam i vårdandet och miljön: det förlorade jaget" och "mänsklig skam i vårdandet och miljön: det försvarande jaget". Sjuksköterskans bemötande är en viktig aspekt i patientens känsla av skam då ett respektfullt, tryggt och förstående bemötande som främjar patientens autonomi kan minska känslan av skam. Relativt lite forskning har genomförts kring begreppet skam inom vårdvetenskapen, genom att öka sjuksköterskan medvetenhet samt kunskap om skammens olika uttryck kan känslan av skam identifieras hos patienten och lindras genom god omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

The concept of shame is a multidimensional subjective concept. The body can be perceived as different during illness and the patient is sometimes in need of help that earlier was not needed which can arouse feelings of shame. During the feeling of shame the individual can perceive its self as exposed where aspects such as sensitivity, intimacy and vulnerability is showed. The purpose of the study was to illuminate what shame is and can be within nursing and was performed as a systematic literature study. Ten scientific articles were used in the result of the study and three themes were identified; "Human shame in the caring and the environment; The diminished self", "human shame in the caring and the environment: The lost self" and "human shame in the caring and the environment: the defending self". The nurse's response is an important aspect in the patient's feeling of shame since a respectful, safe and understanding response that promotes the autonomy of the patient can reduce the feelings of shame. Relatively little research has been performed in the concept of shame within the caring science, through increasing the nurse's awareness and knowledge about the different expressions of shame, the feelings of shame can be identified in the patients and be alleviated through good caring. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Care, Nursing, Shame
Keyword [sv]
Omvårdnad, Skam, Vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27423OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-27423DiVA: diva2:776325
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2015-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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