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Patienters erfarenheter av omvårdnad vid kataraktoperationen
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients’ experiences of care in the cataract surgery (English)
Abstract [sv]

Katarakt står för cirka hälften av all världens blindhet, vilket motsvarar flera miljoner människor. Patienter som kommer till en operationsavdelning kan ha goda, inga eller mindre bra erfarenheter av vården. Pilotstudiens syfte var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av omvårdnad vid kataraktoperationen. Pilotstudien genomfördes som en intervjustudie med en beskrivande kvalitativ design med induktiv ansats. Intervjuerna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkom tre kategorier: Att erfara trygghet, Att erfara strategier för att hantera fysiska och psykiska symtom samt Att erfara bristfällighet. Bemötandet från hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalen skapade förtroende genom kompetens, information och förhållningssättet. Det spelade ingen större roll i vilken form informationen gavs, huvudsaken var att det framkom vad som skulle ske. Informanterna använde sig av olika strategier för att klara av operationen. Det framkom kunskapsluckor i informationen kring operationen. Vidare forskning med en fullskalig studie bör vara inriktad på hur informationen tydligast ges till patienterna inför kataraktoperationen. En slutsats av pilotstudien är vikten av patienternas delaktighet i omvårdnaden kring en kataraktoperation samt patienternas erfarenheter av operationen vilket i sin tur genererar relevant kunskap till ögonsjuksköterskor som kan utveckla en bättre ögonsjukvård. I utbildningen av ögonsjuksköterskor bör patientperspektivet användas som underlag.

Abstract [en]

Cataract accounts for about half of all blindness in the world, which represents several million people. Patients who come to the surgery department may have good, none or less good experiences of care. The aim of the pilot study's was to describe patients' experiences of care in the cataract surgery. The pilot study was conducted as an interview with a descriptive qualitative design with an inductive approach. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results revealed three categories: Experiencing security, Experiencing strategies to deal with physical and psychological symptoms and Experiencing deficiency. The response from health care professionals created trust through their expertise, information, and their approach. It did not matter in what form the information was given according to the informants, the main thing was that it showed what would be done. All informants used various strategies to cope with the surgery. It was revealed gaps in information about the operation. Further research with a full-scale study should focus on how the information is clearly given to patients before cataract surgery. One conclusion of the pilot study is the importance of the patients´ involvement in care around a cataract surgery and the patients´ experience of the surgery which in turn generate relevant knowledge for ophthalmic nurses who can develop a better eye care. In the education of ophthalmic nurses a patient perspective should be used as a basis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Cataract, experience, information, intraoperative, patient
Keyword [sv]
Erfarenhet, information, intraoperativ, katarakt, patient
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27353OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-27353DiVA: diva2:775707
Subject / course
Nursing
Presentation
2014-12-17, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Box 823, 301 18 Halmstad, 19:07 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2014-12-24 Last updated: 2015-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Patienters erfarenheter av omvårdnad vid kataraktoperationen(2624 kB)271 downloads
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  • apa
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