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Interaktion mellan små barn med Cerebral Pares och deras vardagliga samtalspartners på förskolan
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Det övergripande syftet med denna studie var att öka kunskapen om hur små barn med Cerebral Pares (CP) deltar, kommunicerar och interagerar med sina vardagliga samtalspartners på förskolan. I studien deltog två små pojkar (2;4 och 4;3 år) med grav CP (GMFCS 5) med lite/inget talat språk. De filmades på förskolan i olika vardagliga aktiviteter tillsammans med de andra barnen och personalen. Vid analysen studerades pojkarnas samlade kommunikativa resurser och återkommande mönster i samtalen på ett detaljerat plan med hjälp av Conversation Analysis (CA). Analysen visade att samtalspartnern hade en viktig roll för att underlätta i samtalet genom att tolka och tillskriva pojkarnas bidrag betydelse. När pojkarna använde en kombination av flera kommunikativa resurser föreföll det vara lättare för samtalspartnern att tillskriva bidragen betydelse. Vilken betydelse som tillskrevs kunde bland annat påverkas av hur barnens bidrag producerades, vilken aktivitet deltagarna var involverade i, eller vilken kunskap samtalspartnern hade om pojkarna sedan tidigare. Det framkom också att pojkarnas oförmåga att sitta självständigt påverkade deltagarstukturen som i sin tur påverkade interaktionen och kommunikationen. Kvalitativa närstudier av interaktion med barn med svår motorisk nedsättning till följd av CP är viktiga då dessa kan demonstrera vilka metoder som omgivningen använder för att skapa mening i interaktion trots barnens begränsade kommunikativa resurser. Barnens signaler kan till exempel vara svårtolkade för omgivningen på grund av den motoriska funktionsnedsättningen, men de vuxna använder den aktuella aktiviteten eller samtalet för att skapa en meningsfull kontext för barnens bidrag. Detta leder till att barnen blir mindre passiva i sin kommunikation och att kommunikationen blir lättare att förstå.

Nyckelord: Interaktion, Kommunikation, Cerebral Pares (CP), Conversation Analysis (CA), Kommunikativa resurser.  

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge on how young children with severe Cerebral Palsy (CP) participate, interact and communicate with naturally speaking communication partners at preechool. Two young boys (2;4 and 4;3 years) with severe CP (GMFCS 5) with little or no spoken language participated in the study. They were recorded at preschool in various everyday activities and the recorded material arose from ordinary conversations with other children or staff at the preeschool. When analyzing the data, the principals and procedures of Conversation Analysis (CA), was used to study the childrens communicative resourses and the repeating conversational patterns on a detailed level. The analysis showed that the interlocutor had a very important role in the interaction with the child. The interlocutor attributed meaning to the boys' contributions and this was closely linked to the combination of different communicative resources by the boys. Which meaning that was attributed could, among other things be affected by how the children's contributions were produced, what activity the participants were involved in, or the interlocutors previous knowledge about the boys. In addition, the boys' bodily position relative to the other participants had an influence on communication. The boys inability to sit independently affected the participants positions in interaction, witch affected interaction and communication.  Qualitative detailed studies of interaction with children with severe motor impairment, (CP) is important since these can demonstrate which methods the communicative surround uses to create meaning in interaction despite the children's limited communication resources. Children’s signals can for example be difficult for the communication partners to interpret because of the motor function, but the adults are using the current activity or conversation to create a meaningful context for the children's contributions . This leads to children becoming less passive in their communication and communication becomes easier to understand.

Keywords: Interaction, Communication, Cerebral Palsy (CP), Conversation Analysis (CA), Communicative resources

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 59 p.
Series
Examensarbete i logopedi, 099
Keyword [en]
Interaction, Communication, Cerebral Palsy (CP), Conversation Analysis (CA), Communicative resources
Keyword [sv]
logopedi, Cerebral pares, kommunikation, interaktion, AKK, Conversation Analysis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-239873OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-239873DiVA: diva2:775503
Subject / course
Speech and Language Pathology
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-02 Last updated: 2015-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Output format
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