Determination of the columnar to equiaxed transition in hypoeutectic lamellar cast iron
2014 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, E-ISSN 1347-5460, Vol. 54, no 2, 460-465 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Shrinkage porosity as a volume change related casting defect in lamellar cast iron was reported in theliterature to form during solidification in connection to the dendrite coherency. The present work includesan experimental study on dendrite coherency – also called columnar-to-equiaxed transition in lamellar castiron using thermal analysis and expansion force measurements. Investigation was carried out in order tostudy the mechanism of dendrite coherency formation. Cylindrical test bars were cast from the same alloywith different pouring temperature, amount of inoculant and time between the addition of inoculant andstart of pouring the samples. Cooling rate and expansion force was recorded as a function of time. Anumerical algorithm based on temperature differences measured under solidification was used to inter-pret the solidification process. Three different methods have been compared to determine the columnarto equiaxed transition. The compared methods were based on registered temperature differences, basedon registered expansion forces during the volume change of the solidifying samples and based on the cal-culated released latent heat of crystallization. The obtained results indicate a considerable influence on theformation and progress of coherency due to variation of casting parameters. It has been shown that thecoherency is not a single event at a defined time moment rather a process progressing during a timeinterval.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 54, no 2, 460-465 p.
columnar to equiaxed transition; dendrite coherency; lamellar cast iron; inoculation
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25444DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.54.460OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-25444DiVA: diva2:774939