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EN FÖRÄNDRAD IDENTITET: Sexualitetens påverkan i samband med bröstcancer. En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, Health and Education.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A CHANGED IDENTITY : How sexuality is affected in relation to breastcancer.A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige drabbas 8000 kvinnor av bröstcancer varje år. Dessa kvinnor utsätts för både kroppsliga och emotionella biverkningar och förändringar. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt är att belysa hur kvinnor som drabbas av bröstcancer upplever att deras sexualitet påverkas av sjukdom och behandling. Metod: Metoden var en litteraturstudie. Resultat: Ett huvudtema framkom en förändrad identitet; och fem subteman: kroppsliga förändringar, känna sig okvinnlig, relationens betydelse, kommunikationens betydelse för att komma vidare och sjukvårdens betydelse. Slutsats: Resultatet visade att kvinnorna upplevde att de förlorat sin sexuella identitet och sin kvinnlighet. Förlusten gjorde att de inte kunde identifiera sig med den kvinna som de tidigare varit. De upplevde flera fysiska förändringar som ledde till minskad sexuell aktivitet. Men trots den minskade sexuella aktiviteten upplevde många av kvinnorna en ökad närhet till sin partner och stödet från en partner ansågs viktigt. Många kvinnor saknade dock stöd och information från sjukvården angående sexuella problem. De upplevde att vårdpersonalen tyckte det var genant eller oviktigt att tala om kvinnornas sexualitet. Då sjuksköterskans primära mål är att främja hälsa och välbefinnande bör sjuksköterskan beakta kvinnornas sexualitet eftersom sexualiteten är en viktig dimension för upplevelsen av hälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden 8000 women are afflicted by breast cancer every year. These women are subject to both physical and mental side effects and alternations. Aim: The objective of this literature review is to highlight how women in the case of breast cancer experience that their sexuality is affected by the disease and treatment. Method: The method is a review of the related literature. Results: One major theme emerges: a changed identity, and five minor themes: physiological changes, feeling unfeminine, the significance of relationship, the significance of communication in order to move on, and the significance of medical care. Conclusion: It turns out that these women experienced a loss of their sexual identity and their femininity. The deprival resulted in an inability to identify themselves with the women they once were. They also experienced physiological changes, e.g. dryness of the vaginal mucous membrane, pain from the removed breast, and less sexual arousal which impeded and reduced the sexual activity of the women. But despite reduced sexual activity, many of these women experienced acquiring a greater proximity to their partner, and that the support from a partner was regarded as important. Many of the women, though, lacked support and information from the medical institutions concerning sexual problems. They experienced that the medical staff thought that conversing upon the women’s sexuality was something embarrassing or of no importance. Since the primary objective of the nurse is to promote health and well-being, the nurse should take heed to and attend to the sexuality of the women, considering that sexuality is an important dimension in regard to experiencing health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Breast Neoplasms, Sexuality, Breast cancer, Tumor and Experience
Keyword [sv]
Brösttumörer, Sexualitet, Bröstcancer, Tumör och Erfarenhet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-10471DiVA: diva2:774508
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2014-12-22 Last updated: 2015-01-07Bibliographically approved

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