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Förekomst av ortorexi: En kvantitativ studie bland gymnasieelever i årskurs tre
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Prevalence of Orthorexia : A quantitative study among third grade high school students (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med studien var att undersöka om ortorexi enligt studiens definition förekommer bland gymnasieelever i årskurs tre. Frågeställningar: 1. Uppvisar gymnasieeleverna en kostfixering enligt ORTO-15? 2. Uppvisar gymnasieeleverna ett träningsberoende enligt Exercise Dependence Scale-21? 3. Uppvisar gymnasieeleverna ett ortorektiskt beteende enligt studiens definition? 

Metod: Detta är en kvantitativ studie med enkät som insamlingsmetod. Totalt åtta randomiserat utvalda kommunala gymnasieskolor inom Stockholms kommun deltog. Två olika tester användes; ett om kostfixering (ORTO-15) och ett om träningsberoende (Exercise Dependence Scale-21). Krav för att delta var att eleven är född 1996 eller tidigare. Totalt delades 234 enkäter ut, 226 var korrekt ifyllda och användes i studien. Det interna bortfallet var alltså åtta enkäter (3 %).

Resultat: 23 % av deltagarna uppvisar en kostfixering enligt ORTO-15 (35 poäng eller mindre), varav 18 % män och 82 % kvinnor. 66 % av gymnasieeleverna uppvisar tendenser till träningsberoende, medan 2 % klassificeras (varav alla var män) som träningsberoende enligt Exercise Dependence Scale-21. Totalt klassificerades tre män (1,3 %) som ortorektiska.

Slutsats: Ortorexi, enligt studiens definition, förekommer hos gymnasieelever, men endast i en väldigt liten del av den studerade gruppen (1,3 %), och endast bland män. Resultaten för träningsberoende enligt Excercise Dependence Scale-21var liknande (2 %, endast män), men en betydligt större del (66 %) uppvisade tendenser till träningsberoende. Nästan en av fyra (23 %) har en kostfixering enligt ORTO-15 testet.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate if orthorexia (according to this study's definition) occur among third grade high school students. Research questions: 1. Do the high school students exhibit a diet fixation according to ORTHO-15? 2. Do the high school students exhibit exercise dependence according to Exercise Dependence Scale-21? 3. Do the high school students exhibit orthorexic behavior, according to the study's definition, i.e. with both diet fixation according to ORTHO-15 and exercise dependence according to Exercice Dependence Scale-21?

Method: This is a quantitative study with survey as the method of data collection. A total of eight public high schools within Stockholm's municipal were selected by randomization and included. Two different tests; one on diet fixation (ORTHO-15) and one on exercise dependence (Exercise Dependence Scale-21) were used. A requirement to participate was that the student is born in the year 1996 or earlier. A total of 234 surveys were passed out, 226 were correctly filled out and used for analyses in the study. Hence, the internal loss was 8 surveys (3 %).

Results: 23 % of the participants exhibit a diet fixation according to ORTHO-15 (35 points or lower), whereof 18 % men and 82 % women. 66 % of the high school students exhibit tendencies towards exercise dependence, while 2 % (whereof all males) are classified as exercise dependent according to Exercise Dependence Scale-21. A total of three men (1.3 %) are classified as orthorexic.

Conclusions: Orthorexia, according to the study's definition, is exhibited in high school students, but only in a very small fraction of the studied population (1.3 %), and only in males. Similar results were found concerning exercise dependence according to Exercise Dependence Scale-21 (2 %, all males), but a much larger population (66 %) exhibit tendencies towards exercise dependence. Almost one of four (23 %) high school students exhibits a diet fixation according to the ORTHO-15 test.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Examensarbete, 2014:109
Keyword [sv]
Ortorexi, orthorexia nervosa, träningsberoende
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Educational Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3623OAI: diva2:773866
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching; Physical Education Teaching
Available from: 2014-12-22 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2014-12-22Bibliographically approved

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