Eye Contact Modulates Cognitive Processing Differently in Children With Autism
2015 (English)In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 86, no 1, 37-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In humans, effortful cognitive processing frequently takes place during social interaction, with eye contact being an important component. This study shows that the effect of eye contact on memory for nonsocial information is different in children with typical development than in children with autism, a disorder of social communication. Direct gaze facilitated memory performance in children with typical development (n = 25, 6 years old), but no such facilitation was seen in the clinical group (n = 10, 6 years old). Eye tracking conducted during the cognitive test revealed strikingly similar patterns of eye movements, indicating that the results cannot be explained by differences in overt attention. Collectively, these findings have theoretical significance and practical implications for testing practices in children.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 86, no 1, 37-47 p.
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-239034DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12273ISI: 000349773400004PubMedID: 25132220OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-239034DiVA: diva2:773024