Culture, assimilation, and gender gaps in labour market outcomes
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
This paper studies the role of social norms and attitudes about gender, i.e. culture, forlabour market behaviour and cultural assimilation of immigrants in Sweden. Usingsource country gender gaps as cultural proxies we find that the labour forceparticipation of immigrants in Sweden is related to culture, in the sense that immigrantsoriginating from countries with high gender gaps in labour force participation rates(LFPR) also have high gender gaps in LFPR within their immigrant group on theSwedish labour market. On the contrary, high source country gender gaps in earningsare, if anything, associated with lower gender gaps in earnings within immigrant groupsin Sweden. In addition, we find that gender gaps in LFPR among immigrants in Swedenassimilate towards the corresponding gap among natives as time in Sweden increases.These results suggest that culture is one explanation for the existence of gender gaps inLFPR and that cultural assimilation takes place as time since exposure to the sourcecountry culture increases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University , 2014. , 46 p.
Working paper series / Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies, 2014:10
Culture, earnings, gender gap, immigrant assimilation, labour force participation
Research subject Economy, Economics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-38648DiVA: diva2:772833