Long-term lidar observations of wintertime gravity wave activity over northern Sweden
2014 (English)In: Annales Geophysicae, ISSN 0992-7689, E-ISSN 1432-0576, Vol. 32, no 11, 1395-1405 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper presents an analysis of gravity wave activity over northern Sweden as deduced from 18 years of wintertime lidar measurements at Esrange (68ºN, 21ºE). Gravity wave potential energy density (GWPED) was used to characterize the strength of gravity waves in the altitude regions 30–40km and 40–50 km. The obtained values ex- ceed previous observations reported in the literature. This is suggested to be due to Esrange’s location downwind of the Scandinavian mountain range and due to differences in the various methods that are currently used to retrieve gravity wave parameters. The analysis method restricted the identification of the dominating vertical wavelengths to a range from 2 to 13 km. No preference was found for any wavelength in this window. Monthly mean values of GW- PED show that most of the gravity waves’ energy dissipates well below the stratopause and that higher altitude regions show only small dissipation rates of GWPED. Our analy- sis does not reproduce the previously reported negative trend in gravity wave activity over Esrange. The observed inter-annual variability of GWPED is connected to the occurrence of stratospheric warmings with generally lower wintertime mean GWPED during years with major stratospheric warmings. A bimodal GWPED occurrence frequency indicates that gravitywave activity at Esrange is affected by both ubiq- uitous wave sources and orographic forcing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 32, no 11, 1395-1405 p.
Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics, waves and tides, instruments and techniques
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110253DOI: 10.5194/angeo-32-1395-2014ISI: 000345785000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-110253DiVA: diva2:770281