Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
SAMKOST: redovisning av regeringsuppdrag kring trafikens samhällsekonomiska kostnader
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5814-917X
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
The economic costs for using Sweden’s infrastructure (English)
Abstract [sv]

VTI fick i december 2012 regeringens uppdrag att uppdatera tillgänglig kunskap om trafikens samhällsekonomiska kostnader. Arbetet har genomförts i ett antal separata projekt som behandlar olika externaliteter – slitage och nedbrytning av infrastruktur, olycksrisker, emissioner från förbränning av fossila bränslen, buller och trängsel eller knapphet – för varje trafikslag. De nya skattningarna av vägtrafikens sammanlagda marginalkostnader skiljer sig på totalen relativt lite från tidigare bedömningar. Inom denna oförändrade total ryms emellertid förändringar. Bland annat är de kostnader vägtrafiken förorsakar infrastrukturhållaren högre än tidigare, medan de skattade kostnaderna för i synnerhet olyckor nu är lägre. Även kostnaderna för luftföroreningar och buller har minskat jämfört med tidigare beräkningar. Järnvägens skattade marginalkostnader är totalt sett högre än i tidigare beräkningar, i synnerhet för godstrafiken. Den enskilt största förändringen även i järnvägssektorn är att kostnaderna för den nedbrytning av spåren trafiken förorsakar ökat. Dessa observationer avser ett genomsnitt för hela nätverket av vägar och järnvägar. En grafisk presentation av resultaten pekar på att kostnaderna är olika höga beroende på vilka delar av näten som används. Denna redovisning är emellertid ännu inte tillräckligt bearbetad för att det ska vara möjligt att dra några generella slutsatser.

Abstract [en]

In December 2012, the Swedish government commissioned VTI to update the social marginal costs for using infrastructure for all modes of transport based on state-of-the-art knowledge in the research community. The task has been implemented by defining projects addressing all externalities of relevance for the assessment, i.e. infrastructure wear and tear, accident risks, emissions from the use of fossil fuel, noise as well as shortage of capacity. The overall assessment of marginal costs of road use is not far from the level in previous domestic studies. Behind this average, a new approach to estimate the costs to the infrastructure holder of heavy and light vehicles using roads, results in cost estimates that are higher than before. Other cost components, in particular the social costs for road accidents has however been reduced. Also the estimates of the costs originating from emissions and noise are lower than before. The marginal costs of railway services are now higher than before, in particular for freight trains. The single most important change also in the railway sector is the increase in costs for infrastructure wear and tear. These results represent national averages for roads and railways. A graphical representation of costs is also offered in order to address the degree of cost-level differences across the networks. It is obvious that costs for noise and emissions are higher the closer people live to traffic using the network. Clear differences with respect to maintenance costs are also observed, but overall this aspect of the results is not yet ready for providing the basis for a comprehensive policy discussion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2014. , 98 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 836
Keyword [en]
Social cost, External effect, Estimation, Calculation, Method, Noise, Air pollution, Accident, Wear, Road traffic, Rail traffic, Air traffic, Maritime transport, Carbon dioxide
National Category
Economics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J13 Railway: Economics; SAB, Prz Ships and shipping; SAB, Prd Aircrafts, air transport and airports
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7439OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7439DiVA: diva2:769206
Available from: 2014-12-05 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2510 kB)274 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2510 kBChecksum SHA-512
cfd79801513808da7afb1d861a5638c630fbe84e3db8bdccad116e9ab76bea007590e9f65685d866419ad8b6b20877d73fba612d8774e482bc886cc402ba66ac
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Nilsson, Jan-EricJohansson, Anna

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nilsson, Jan-EricJohansson, Anna
By organisation
Transport economics, TEK
Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 274 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 387 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf