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Defense mechanism test och ungdomar
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (Tillämpad psykologi)
1998 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 1998. , 86 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescence, Defense Mechanism Test, Projective methods, Multivariate analysis, Defenses, Gender Differences
National Category
Psychiatry Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96882ISBN: 91-7191-476-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-96882DiVA: diva2:769099
Public defence
1998-06-11, bt 102, Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå University, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Supervisors
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Note

Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Umeå universitet, 1998, Härtill 4 uppsatser.

Available from: 2015-02-04 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2015-04-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) and Kernberg’s theory of personality organization related to adolescents in psychiatric care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) and Kernberg’s theory of personality organization related to adolescents in psychiatric care
1997 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 38, no 2, 95-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

75 adolescent psychiatric patients were diagnosed with the perceptual projective test the Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) and also according to Kernberg’s theory of personality organization (PO). The test protocols were scored in respect of 130DMT variables and analyzed by means of partial least squares (PLS) discriminant analysis. The objective was to try to separate the three types of PO, psychotic (PPO), borderline (BPO) and neurotic (NPO) by means of the DMT and also to compare the results with a similar study on adult psychiatric patients. The results showed that it is possible to separate significantly the three groups of PO. The BPO group seemed to be heterogeneous. The results were fairly similar to those obtained with adult psychiatric patients. The overall results supported the concurrent validity of Kernberg’s theory of PO and for the DMT as well. The DMT seems to be a useful diagnostic method in respect of adolescent psychiatric patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 1997
Keyword
Defense Mechanism Test, projective test, adolescence, personality organization
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-99274 (URN)10.1111/1467-9450.00014 (DOI)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2015-02-05 Created: 2015-02-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. A comparative study of adolescents in psychiatric care assessed by means of the Defense Mechanism Test and the DSM-IV classification system
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparative study of adolescents in psychiatric care assessed by means of the Defense Mechanism Test and the DSM-IV classification system
1998 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 52, no 6, 527-536 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Twenty-seven adolescents in psychiatric care, assessed by means of DSM-IV, and 33 healthy controls were tested using the projective percept-genetic Defense Mechanism Test (DMT). Three diagnostic subgroups were created: psychotic (Axis 1), borderline personality disorder (Axis 2), and a non-patient group. The test protocols were scored with regard to 130 DMT variables and analyzed by means of partial least squares (PLS) discriminant analysis and by means of a pattern analysis of the DMT variables. The results showed that it was possible to distinguish significantly among the three groups. Specific perceptual distortions were identified among the three groups. It was concluded that DMT is a promising instrument in the assessment of adolescents in psychiatric care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Informa Healthcare, 1998
Keyword
Adolescents, Defense Mechanism Test, DSM-IV diagnoses, Multivariate analysis, Projective methods
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-99275 (URN)10.1080/08039489850139328 (DOI)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2015-02-05 Created: 2015-02-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. Gender differences and the Defense Mechanism Test: A comparative study of adolescents in psychiatric care and healthy controls
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender differences and the Defense Mechanism Test: A comparative study of adolescents in psychiatric care and healthy controls
1998 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 39, no 2, 93-99 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper was to study gender differences in the percept-genetic method Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) among a group of 60 adolescent subjects. Three subgroups were used: patients with psychotic disorders (Axis 1); borderline personality disorder (Axis 2) according to the DSM-IV classification system, and a non-patient group. The test protocols were scored with respect to 124 DMT variables and analyzed by means of the multivariate projection method Partial Least Squares (PLS) in latent structures. The overall results showed considerable gender differences in the whole group as well as in the subgroups. The most striking finding was that girls compared to boys were characterized by the perceptual defense identification with the opposite sex, which means that they perceived male gestalts instead of females in the stimulus picture. When both gender and diagnostic group membership were considered simultaneously, the influence of diagnostic group membership seemed to be stronger than gender even if there was an interaction between diagnoses and gender. It was concluded that gender must be considered when the DMT is used on adolescent populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 1998
Keyword
Adolescents, Defense Mechanism Test, multivariate analysis, projective techniques, gender differences
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-99199 (URN)10.1111/1467-9450.00061 (DOI)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2015-02-04 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
4. Influence of gender and age in the Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) among adolescents and adults
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of gender and age in the Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) among adolescents and adults
1998 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 1998. 21 bl. p.
Series
DAPS-report, ISSN 0349-6554 ; 77
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-99198 (URN)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2015-02-04 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2015-04-10Bibliographically approved

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