Estimation of linkage disequilibrium and interspecific gene flow in Ficedula flycatchers by a newly developed 50k single-nucleotide polymorphism array
2014 (English)In: Molecular Ecology Resources, ISSN 1755-098X, E-ISSN 1755-0998, Vol. 14, no 6, 1248-1260 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
With the access to draft genome sequence assemblies and whole-genome resequencing data from population samples, molecular ecology studies will be able to take truly genome-wide approaches. This now applies to an avian model system in ecological and evolutionary research: Old World flycatchers of the genus Ficedula, for which we recently obtained a 1.1Gb collared flycatcher genome assembly and identified 13 million single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)s in population resequencing of this species and its sister species, pied flycatcher. Here, we developed a custom 50K Illumina iSelect flycatcher SNP array with markers covering 30 autosomes and the Z chromosome. Using a number of selection criteria for inclusion in the array, both genotyping success rate and polymorphism information content (mean marker heterozygosity=0.41) were high. We used the array to assess linkage disequilibrium (LD) and hybridization in flycatchers. Linkage disequilibrium declined quickly to the background level at an average distance of 17kb, but the extent of LD varied markedly within the genome and was more than 10-fold higher in genomic islands' of differentiation than in the rest of the genome. Genetic ancestry analysis identified 33 F-1 hybrids but no later-generation hybrids from sympatric populations of collared flycatchers and pied flycatchers, contradicting earlier reports of backcrosses identified from much fewer number of markers. With an estimated divergence time as recently as <1Ma, this suggests strong selection against F-1 hybrids and unusually rapid evolution of reproductive incompatibility in an avian system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 14, no 6, 1248-1260 p.
collared flycatcher, GWAS, Hybridization, pied flycatcher, single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping, speciation
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-237291DOI: 10.1111/1755-0998.12270ISI: 000343805400014PubMedID: 24784959OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-237291DiVA: diva2:768341