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Buller som stressor i skolmatsalar: En fördjupning av Barnmiljöhälsorapport 2013 i samarbete med Landstinget i Jönköpings län
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Barnmiljöhälsorapporten 2013 indikerade att 12-åringarna i Jönköpings län känt sig besvärade av ljud i skolmatsalen. Att besväras av ljud är samma sak som att utsättas för buller. Buller har förmåga att aktivera kroppens stressystem och ljud kan bl.a. leda till ökad frisättning av kortikotropinfrisättande hormon, (CRH). Ett hormon som påverkar mag- och tarmkanalen på flera olika sätt som troligen är negativt.  Ljudstörning har förmåga att påverka hälsan hos de som utsätts, buller utgör en hälsorisk.

Syfte: Syftet med detta arbete är att studera sambandet mellan bullerstörning i skolmatsalen och självskattad hälsa hos 858 12-åringar i Jönköpings län som deltagit i Barnmiljöhälsoenkäten 2011.

Metod: Analyser av data från Barnmiljöhälsoenkäten 2011 där upplevelse av ljudstörning i skolmatsalen satts i relation till självskattad hälsa.

Resultat: 12-åringarna i Barnmiljöhälsoenkäten 2011 i Jönköpings län som störts mest av ljud i skolmatsalen har en sämre självskattad hälsa än de som störts mindre eller inte alls av ljud i skolmatsalen.

Slutsats: För att skapa bättre förutsättningar för en god hälsa hos barn bör fler studier utföras där de stresshormoner ljud kan öka frisättningen av och dess hälsoeffekter utreds. Detta eftersom denna studie indikerar en sämre självskattad hos de deltagare som upplever ljudstörning i skolmatsalen. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The child health report of 2013 was undertaken in the district of Jönköping, Sweden. The results of this survey indicated that the 12 year olds that participated in the study were bothered by the noise in the dining area of their school. An elevated level of noise can affect the human body in a negative way, and can lead to an increased level of stress. Exposure to elevated levels of noise gives enhanced excretion of corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH). CRH is a hormone that can have a negative impact on the normal function of the gastrointestinal tract. Elevated noise will affect the health of people being exposed, and entails a health hazard.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the noise in school dining areas and the self reflected health of 858 12 year old students from the district of Jönköping, Sweden.

Method: The analysis was based on a child health survey 2011; evaluating the student´s reflection of the exposure of noise in relation to their own estimated health status.

Results: The results from the child health survey 2011 did show that the students being most affected by noise also experienced a lower self reflected health compared to the students less affected by noise in the school dining area. 

Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that students experience an overall lower level of health if they feel negatively affected by noise. To be able to improve child health, further research needs to be undertaken regarding this issue. The effects of stress hormones need to be investigated further, as well as the relationship between excretions of stress hormones in the body and the level of surrounding noise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 29 p.
Keyword [sv]
Buller, Barnmiljöhälsoenkäten 2011, ljudvolymmätning, kortikotropinfrisättande hormon (CRH)
National Category
Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38338OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-38338DiVA: diva2:766108
Subject / course
Biomedical Sciences
Educational program
Health Science Programme with Specialisation in Bio Sciences, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-11-26 Last updated: 2014-12-09Bibliographically approved

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