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Hejarramsor och dess symboliska innebörder
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
2007 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]


Different sports have developed different traditions among the supporters. A silent and discreet audience signifies sports such as golf and tennis as long as the players are active at the green or at the court. Other sports, as for instance football and ice hockey, are known to have a more loud-voiced audience that cheers and clap hands while the performance is in progress. One reason for that could be that golf and tennis are highly individual sports with a personal dimension including high concentration, while ice hockey and football is team based with stress on co- operative actions (Farred, 2007).

The main purpose of the study, concerning ice hockey supporters, was to observe the activities at the gallery and on the ice and simultaneously register the cheers as verbatim as possible. Of special interest was to identify deviant supporters within the cheering section and the interplay between this group and the larger group, that in order to interpret the activities at the cheer section in terms of self-regulation. However, the interplay with the opponent supporter group, police forces and with the actual match events was in the main focus in order to inquire how cheer songs and rhymes can be used as signs of social identity of a support group.

There are some lessons to be learned from this study. First, cheers seem to be a good indication of the prevalent social identity in a supporter group. Second, attempts from minor military groups to seduce the lager group can be broken off by self- regulation. The cheerleader seems to be important in such peace-making processes. By introducing supportive cheers, the large group can bring a rebellious group back to a peaceful identity. Third, external interventions by police officers or security guards may, in some cases, activate an aggressive group’s self-regulative behaviour, which means attempts to maintain.

Abstract [sv]

Det främsta syftet med denna undersökning var att observera aktiviteterna på ståplatsläktare och på isen under pågående ishockeymatcher och samtidigt notera hejarramsorna ordagrant. Särskild uppmärksamhet ägnades åt att upptäcka avvikande (aggressiva) supportrar på ståplatsläktaren och studera samspelet mellan denna grupp och övriga supportrar på ståplats. Syftet var att se om det på ståplats förekommer någon form av självreglering inom gruppen. Av intresse att studera var också supportergruppens interaktion med motståndarlagets supportergrupp  liksom med de poliser och vakter som fanns närvarande. Studien syftar till att belysa hur innehållet i hejarramsorna kan ses som ett uttryck för den rådande stämningen i gruppen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2007. , 11 p.
FOG report, ISSN 1401-0283 ; 58
Keyword [sv]
Hejarramsor, lagsport, symbolik
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112279ISRN: LIU-IPP-FOG-R--58--SEOAI: diva2:765081
Available from: 2014-11-21 Created: 2014-11-21 Last updated: 2015-05-04Bibliographically approved

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Granström, Kjell
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